Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics ... Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

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  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

    LANGUAGE LEARNING

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka)

    2011/01/26

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Contents

    1 Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    2 Artificial Grammar Learning Transitional Probabilities Possible and Impossible Grammars FSG vs. PSG

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Contents

    1 Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    2 Artificial Grammar Learning Transitional Probabilities Possible and Impossible Grammars FSG vs. PSG

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    INTRO: Properties of Natural Languages

    Biolgical Basis of Language (Lenneber 1967) The Hierarchy of Grammars (Chomsky 1957)

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological Basis of Language

    Eric Lenneberg 1967 A system is biological if:

    Its cognitive function is species specific

    The specific properties of its cognitive function are replicated in every member of the species The cognitive processes and capacities associated with this system are differentiated spontaneously with maturation Certain aspects of behavior and cogntive function for this system emerge only during infancy Certain social phenomena come about by spontaneous adaptation of the behavior of the growing individual to the behavior of other individuals around him

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological Basis of Language

    Eric Lenneberg 1967 A system is biological if:

    Its cognitive function is species specific The specific properties of its cognitive function are replicated in every member of the species

    The cognitive processes and capacities associated with this system are differentiated spontaneously with maturation Certain aspects of behavior and cogntive function for this system emerge only during infancy Certain social phenomena come about by spontaneous adaptation of the behavior of the growing individual to the behavior of other individuals around him

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological Basis of Language

    Eric Lenneberg 1967 A system is biological if:

    Its cognitive function is species specific The specific properties of its cognitive function are replicated in every member of the species The cognitive processes and capacities associated with this system are differentiated spontaneously with maturation

    Certain aspects of behavior and cogntive function for this system emerge only during infancy Certain social phenomena come about by spontaneous adaptation of the behavior of the growing individual to the behavior of other individuals around him

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological Basis of Language

    Eric Lenneberg 1967 A system is biological if:

    Its cognitive function is species specific The specific properties of its cognitive function are replicated in every member of the species The cognitive processes and capacities associated with this system are differentiated spontaneously with maturation Certain aspects of behavior and cogntive function for this system emerge only during infancy

    Certain social phenomena come about by spontaneous adaptation of the behavior of the growing individual to the behavior of other individuals around him

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological Basis of Language

    Eric Lenneberg 1967 A system is biological if:

    Its cognitive function is species specific The specific properties of its cognitive function are replicated in every member of the species The cognitive processes and capacities associated with this system are differentiated spontaneously with maturation Certain aspects of behavior and cogntive function for this system emerge only during infancy Certain social phenomena come about by spontaneous adaptation of the behavior of the growing individual to the behavior of other individuals around him

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological basis of language: SPECIES SPECIFICITY

    The system is likely to be part of the genetic makeup (inventory) of members of the species.

    Every species has a communication system of some sort. In some kind of crickets communication behaviors arise even if the individuals has never heard adults communicating. Language for humans and bird song can be acquired only if the young animal has the opportunity to experience the system in use.

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological basis of language: SPECIES SPECIFICITY

    The system is likely to be part of the genetic makeup (inventory) of members of the species. Every species has a communication system of some sort.

    In some kind of crickets communication behaviors arise even if the individuals has never heard adults communicating. Language for humans and bird song can be acquired only if the young animal has the opportunity to experience the system in use.

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological basis of language: SPECIES SPECIFICITY

    The system is likely to be part of the genetic makeup (inventory) of members of the species. Every species has a communication system of some sort. In some kind of crickets communication behaviors arise even if the individuals has never heard adults communicating.

    Language for humans and bird song can be acquired only if the young animal has the opportunity to experience the system in use.

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological basis of language: SPECIES SPECIFICITY

    The system is likely to be part of the genetic makeup (inventory) of members of the species. Every species has a communication system of some sort. In some kind of crickets communication behaviors arise even if the individuals has never heard adults communicating. Language for humans and bird song can be acquired only if the young animal has the opportunity to experience the system in use.

    Master on Linguistics (Kepa Erdozia and Itziar Laka) Advanced Course in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

  • Intro: Properties of Natural Languages Artificial Grammar Learning

    Biological Basis of Language The Hierarchy of Grammars

    Biological basis of language: SPECIES SPECIFICITY

    Attempts teaching human communication system to animals. If other species could learn human language, then human language would not be species specific.

    Primates do no have vocal tracks like those of humans.

    Some apes have been able to acquire large lexicons and use them to communicate.

    However, no animal has ben able to learn a creative syntatic sytem.

    Smart animals can be trained to produce complex behavioral sequences for reward.

    Even if people succeede in theaching animals a communication sytem incorporating syntax, the claim that human language is biologically based would hardly have been damaged. The fact that humans can fly under very special and artificial circumstances does not chal