Adobe Photoshop Cs - Tutorial - Diigital Photography Workflow Handbook

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<p>DOP 2000</p> <p>Digital Photography Workflow Handbookusing Photoshop CS and Raw Converters for the Digital Photography Workflow</p> <p>by Bettina and Uwe Steinmueller</p> <p>Copyright 2002-2004 by Bettina and Uwe Steinmueller All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the authors. PHOTOSHOP is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated Capture One DSLR is a trademark of Phase One Nikon Capture is trademark by Nikon</p> <p>The information in this book is furnished for informational use only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Bettina and Uwe Steinmueller. The authors assume no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this book.</p> <p> 2002-2004 Bettina and Uwe Steinmueller</p> <p>Contents1 introduction ............................................................................................ 131.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Introduction to the Digital Photography Workflow ................................... 14 How to use this book / how this book is organized.................................. 15 Using PCs and Macs............................................................................... 16 Computer configuration ........................................................................... 17 What are Raw files .................................................................................. 18 1.5.1 1.5.2 1.6 1.7 The raw file advantage? ............................................................. 18 Color Aliasing / Moirs ............................................................... 24</p> <p>What about only using JPEG and not raw?............................................. 25 Capturing photos in the field.................................................................... 27 1.7.1 1.7.2 1.7.3 1.7.4 1.7.5 Optimize exposure using your cameras histogram ................... 27 Color channel clipping ................................................................ 28 Correct white balance (WB) for optimal color quality ................. 30 Understand objective and subjective white balance................... 31 Adjust your cameras sensitivity: selecting the right ISO............ 31 Principle Workflow Steps (The What) ...................................... 32 Essential Digital Image Processing Knowledge (The How) ..... 33 Advanced Digital Image Processing Knowledge........................ 34 Manage your image storage....................................................... 35 Computer transfer and organizing your photos .......................... 35</p> <p>1.8</p> <p>Workflow Overview.................................................................................. 31 1.8.1 1.8.2 1.8.3</p> <p>1.9</p> <p>Camera to computer: enter the digital darkroom..................................... 35 1.9.1 1.9.2</p> <p>1.10 1.11 1.12</p> <p>Securing your valuable photos: Backup .................................................. 39 The digital negative/slide......................................................................... 39 The digital light table ............................................................................... 40 1.12.1 1.12.2 1.12.3 Image previews with the Photoshop CS File Browser.............. 40 Image previews with the Capture One DSLR (C1)................... 41 Image previews with ThumbsPlus (PC only)........................... 43</p> <p>2</p> <p>Digital Darkroom Basics........................................................................ 442.1 2.2 Dont be afraid of Photoshop................................................................... 45 Understand the different Color Modes .................................................... 45 2.2.1 2.2.2 RGB color mode......................................................................... 45 LAB color mode.......................................................................... 46iii</p> <p>2.2.3 2.2.4 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.4.1</p> <p>CMYK color mode ...................................................................... 46 Grayscale Mode ......................................................................... 47 Why you need to understand color management....................... 47 Color working spaces ................................................................. 52 Profiles for devices ..................................................................... 53 Photoshop color and monitor profile settings ............................. 54 Opening files by dropping them onto Photoshop ....................... 57</p> <p>Introduction to Color management .......................................................... 47</p> <p>Browse your photos................................................................................. 57 Simple image rotation.............................................................................. 58 Inspecting your image ............................................................................. 58 Know the difference between 8 and 16 bit per channel data .................. 60 2.7.1 2.8.1 2.8.2 2.8.3 2.8.4 2.8.5 Why use 16 bits per channel? .................................................... 60 Pixel dimensions ........................................................................ 63 Document size............................................................................ 63 Scaling and resizing ................................................................... 64 Changing PPI ............................................................................. 64 Upsizing images ......................................................................... 65 TIFF............................................................................................ 67 JPEG .......................................................................................... 67 JPEG 2000 ................................................................................. 68 Photoshop PSD.......................................................................... 68 File Info..................................................................................... 69 File History ............................................................................... 69 Improve your image with levels ................................................ 72 Gain more flexibility using Curves ............................................ 74 Photoshop CS Shadow/Highlight tool ...................................... 77 USM (Unsharp Mask)............................................................... 80 How Photoshop Unsharp Mask works ..................................... 80 The two step approach............................................................. 83iv</p> <p>Control image size and PPI..................................................................... 63</p> <p>2.9</p> <p>select the right image file formats............................................................ 67 2.9.1 2.9.2 2.9.3 2.9.4</p> <p>2.10</p> <p>File Info and History ................................................................................ 69 2.10.1 2.10.2</p> <p>2.11</p> <p>dynamic range, contrast AND BRIGHTNESS ......................................... 72 2.11.1 2.11.2 2.11.3</p> <p>2.12</p> <p>The art of sharpening .............................................................................. 80 2.12.1 2.12.2 2.12.3</p> <p>2.12.4 2.13 2.13.1 2.13.2 2.13.3 2.13.4 2.14 2.14.1 2.14.2 2.14.3 2.14.4 2.14.5 2.14.6 2.14.7 2.14.8 2.14.9 2.15 2.15.1 2.15.2 2.15.3 2.16 2.16.1 2.16.2 2.16.3 2.16.4 2.16.5 2.16.6 2.17 2.17.1 2.17.2</p> <p>Sharpening Tools ..................................................................... 84 Achieving white balance in your images .................................. 85 Photoshop Hue/Saturation tool ................................................ 89 Photoshop CS Photo Filter....................................................... 92 A note on Saturation................................................................. 93 Marquee tool ............................................................................ 94 Adding and subtracting Selections ........................................... 94 Lasso tool ................................................................................. 95 Magic Wand tool....................................................................... 96 Color Range ............................................................................. 97 Feather Selections ................................................................... 97 Invert Selections....................................................................... 98 Selection Borders ..................................................................... 98 Saving and loading Selections ................................................. 98 Retouching dust spots............................................................ 101 Patch tool ............................................................................... 102 Using Selection with the Healing Brusch................................ 104 Your first Action ...................................................................... 107 Open dialogs inside Actions ................................................... 108 Saving and loading Action Sets.............................................. 109 Adding new steps to your Action ............................................ 109 Rearranging and deleting steps in Actions............................. 109 Change the settings for a single step ..................................... 110 Snapshots .............................................................................. 112 Purge History.......................................................................... 112</p> <p>Improving Colors ..................................................................................... 85</p> <p>Making Selections ................................................................................... 94</p> <p>Clean up images with Healing Brush and Patch tool ............................ 101</p> <p>Improve your workflow with Actions ...................................................... 106</p> <p>The power of Photoshop History ........................................................... 111</p> <p>3</p> <p>Using Raw Converters......................................................................... 1133.1 3.2 The RAW Workflow ............................................................................... 114 Principle Workflow Steps....................................................................... 115 3.2.1 3.2.2 RAW Converter Responsibilities .............................................. 115 RAW Converter Essentials....................................................... 117v</p> <p>3.2.3 3.2.4 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.4 3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 3.5 3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4</p> <p>Other important Features ......................................................... 121 Some MORE useful features.................................................... 123 Integration into the Photoshop CS File Browser ..................... 127 Camera Raw 2.0 User Interface Overview............................... 128 Advanced File Browser integration........................................... 146 Setup ........................................................................................ 150 Raw file browser....................................................................... 152 Image Processing..................................................................... 153 Setup ........................................................................................ 161 Main Features .......................................................................... 163 White Balance (WB) ................................................................. 166 Save and load settings ............................................................. 167</p> <p>Adobe Camera Raw 2.0 (ACR) ............................................................. 125</p> <p>Phase Ones Capture One DSLR (C1).................................................. 149</p> <p>Nikon Capture ....................................................................................... 160</p> <p>4</p> <p>Using Photoshop Layers ..................................................................... 1684.1 4.2 Understanding the Layers palette ......................................................... 170 Your first layer ....................................................................................... 173 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Changing opacity...................................................................... 174 Understand Blending modes .................................................... 175</p> <p>Fine tuning with Adjustment Layers ...................................................... 177 Work selective with Layer Masks .......................................................... 179 4.4.1 4.5.1 4.5.2 Understanding Layer Masks..................................................... 181 Flatten image............................................................................ 181 Merging Layers......................................................................... 182 Flatten images and merging layers ....................................................... 181</p> <p>4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12</p> <p>Apply actions and filters in new layers .................................................. 184 Smart cropping ...................................................................................... 186 4.7.1 Using the Crop tool................................................................... 186 Minimize S-Curve side effects............................................................... 192 How to remove moirs .......................................................................... 195 Use Auto Colors to tune contrast .......................................................... 197 Optimize layers with Advanced Blending options.................................. 203 Dodge and burn using Layers ............................................................... 205</p> <p>vi</p> <p>5</p> <p>Basic Digital Workflow ........................................................................ 2095.1 Pre raw conversion steps ...................................................................... 210 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.1.4 5.2 5.3 Capturing photos in the field..................................................... 210 Transfer images to you computer............................................. 211 Backup your images................................................................. 212 Preview Images........................................................................ 212</p> <p>RAW conversion phase (not for JPEGs) ............................................... 214 Processing after the raw conversion ..................................................... 215 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 Removing Noise ..................................</p>