Academic Study Skills Name:__________________________________ Vocabulary test 2 Choose 20 out of the following 25 words or e!ressions and show their meaning clearly by !ro"iding a de#nition$ a synonym$ or an e!lanation$ e%g% a synonym: Member of Parliament – representative 1. Adequate B2enough or satisfactoryfor aparticularpurpose :Have we got adequate foodfor 20guests ?I didn't have adequatetimetoprepare .It's not a bigsalarybut it's adequate forourneeds.The council'sprovisionfor theelderlyis barelyadequate ! is not enough".[ + to infi nit ive ]#illfutureoilsuppliesbe adequate tomeetworl dneeds? 2. Apparent B2ableto be seenor understood:Her unhappinesswas apparent toeveryone.[ + that ]Itwas becomingincreasinglyapparentthathe could no longerta$e careof himself.I was on themetrothismorningwhen for noapparentreasonthe manoppositesuddenlyscreamed.C1[ before noun ]seemingtoexist or be true:There are one or two apparent discrepanciesbetween the two reports .%he has this apparent innocencewhich& I suspect& she uses to heradvantage . 3. comment (v) B2to make a comment:y mumalways comments onwhat I'mwearing.[ + that ]He commented thatthe two essayswere rathersimilar.The officialrefusedto/declinedtocomment on thematter. 4. Emphasis B2the particularimportanceorattentionthat you give to something:I thin$we should put as much emphasis onpreventingdiseaseas we do oncuringit.%chools hereput/place /laygreatemphasis onwritten wor$andgrammar.›theextraforcethat you give to a word or partof a word when you are saying it: The emphasis is onthe finalsyllable .#here do youputthe emphasis in the word 'controversy'? 5. llustrate C1to show themeaningor truthof something more clearly,especiallyby giving examples:The lecturerillustrated hispointwitha diagramon the blac$board.This latestconflictfurtherillustrates thewea$nessof the ().[+ question wo rd ]The e*hibitionwill illustrate howlifeevolvedfromwater. illustrateverb[T ](DRAW !"#$R%&' B2to drawpicturesfor a book, magaine, etc):a beautifullyillustrated boo$+oldmanuscript6. mply C2to communicateanideaor feelingwithout saying it directly :[ + (th at ) ],re you implying (that)I'm fat?I'm not implying anything about yourcoo$ing& but could weeatouttonight? I detectedan implied criticismof the way he was treated.as sthimpliesC2used to show that the name, etc) of something tellsyou something about it:-ariable rateloans& as the nameimplies& have avariableinterestrate.C2FORMALto involvesomething or make it necessary :%ocialism impliesequality. 7. !ontribution B2something that youcontributeor do to helpproduceor achievesomething together with other people , or to helpmake somethingsuccessful: ,ll contributions !presentsofmoney"& nomatterhowsmall& will be muchappreciated.,ll contributions ! articlesto beprinted" fortheschoolmagaine must bereceivedby /,ugust.This inventionmade amaorcontributiontoroadsafety.%he didn't makemuch ofacontribution ! she did not say much" at today's meeting&did she?
Academic Study SkillsName:__________________________________
Vocabulary test 2
Choose 20 out of the following 25 words or e!ressions and show
their meaning clearly by !ro"iding a de#nition$ a synonym$ or ane!lanation$e%g%a synonym: Member of Parliament – representative
1. AdequateB2 enough or satisfactory for a particular purpose:Have we got adequate food for 20 guests?I didn'thave adequate time to prepare.It's not a big salary but it's adequate for our needs.Thecouncil's provision for the elderly is barely adequate ! is not enough".[+ toinfinitive ] #ill future oil supplies be adequate to meet worldneeds?
B2 able to be seen or understood:Her unhappiness was apparent to everyone.[+that ] It was becoming increasingly apparent that he could no longer ta$e care of himself.I was onthe metro this morning when for no apparent reason the man opposite suddenly screamed .C1 [beforenoun ] seeming to exist or be true:There are one or two apparent discrepancies between thetwo reports.%he has this apparent innocence which& I suspect & she uses to her advantage.
3. comment (v)B2 to make a comment:y mum always comments on what I'm wearing .[+ that ] Hecommented that the two essays were rather similar .The official refused to/ declined to comment onthe matter .
4. EmphasisB2 the particular importance or attention that you give to something:I thin$ we should put as muchemphasis on preventing disease as we do on curing it.%chools
here put / place / lay great emphasis on written wor$ and grammar .› the extra force that you give to aword or part of a word when you are saying it:The emphasis is on the final syllable.#here doyou put the emphasis in the word ' controversy ' ?
C1 to show the meaning or truth of something more clearly,especially by
giving examples:The lecturer illustrated his point with a diagram on
the blac$board .This latest conflict further illustrates the wea$ness of the () .[+ question
word ] The e*hibition will illustrate how life evolved fromwater .
illustrate verb [T] (DRAW !"#$R%&'
B2 to draw pictures for a book, magaine, etc):a beautifully illustrated boo$ + old manuscript
6. mplyC2 to communicate an idea or feeling without saying it directly:[+ (that)] ,re youimplying (that) I'm fat ?I'm not implying anything about your coo$ing & but could we eat out tonight ?I detected an implied criticism of the way he was treated .as sth impliesC2 used to show thatthe name, etc) of something tells you something about it:-ariable rate loans& as the name implies&have a variable interest rate.C2 FORMAL to involve something or make it necessary:%ocialismimplies equality .
7. !ontributionB2 something that you contribute or do to help produce or achievesomething together withother people, or to help make something successful: ,ll contributions ! presents of money "&no matter how small & will be much appreciated .,ll contributions ! articles tobe printed " for the school magainemust be received by / ,ugust .This invention madea maor contribution to road safety .%he didn't make much of a contribution ! she did not say much" attoday's meeting & did she?
C2 [ or U ] the basic and most important part of something:The lac$ of government funding is at
the core of the problem.
core noun ("%-#R%'
C2 [! ] the hard central part of some fruits, such as apples,
whichcontains the seeds:3on't throw your apple core on the floor 4 › [! ] the centre of a planet:The
5arth's core is a hot & molten mi* of iron and nic$el .›
[!] "#!$AL$%#& 'hsis #he core of a nuclearreactor (. a device in which atoms are changed to produce energy' is the place wherefission (.
the dividing of atoms' happens)› [! ] "#!$AL$%#& *eolo* a long, thin cylinder/shaped mass o
f material taken out of the %arth for study
correspond verb 0!1 (A#"2'
B2 to match or be similar or e3ual:The money I've saved corresponds roughly to the amount I need
for my course.The ,merican 67I corresponds to the 7ritish I8 .His story of
what happened that night didn't correspond with the witness's version.
correspond verb 0!1 (WR!#%'B2 to communicate by writing a letter or sending an email:I've been
corresponding with several e*perts in the field .
**. +educeC2 to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about theknown facts:#e cannot deducevery much from these figures.[+ that ] The police have deduced that he musthave left his apartment yesterday evening .
12. ,utcomeC1 a result or effect of an action, situation, etc):It's too early to predict the outcome of the meeting .
13. +ominantC1 more important, strong, or noticeable than anything else of the same type:adominant military power (nemployment will be a dominant issue at thene*t election.› "#!$AL$%#& biolo* A dominant gene is one whichalwaysproduces a particular characteristic in a person, plant, or animal:The gene for brown eyes isdominant.
14. -ucientB2 enough for a particular purpose:This recipe should be sufficient for five people.It was thought thathe'd committed the crime but there wasn't sufficient evidence to convict him.
15. /rame0or1› [! ] a supporting structure around which something can be builtC2 a system of rules, ideas,or beliefs that is used to plan or decidesomething:a legal framewor$ for resolving disputes
C1 to prevent someone or something from entering a place or taking part in an activity:#omen
are still e*cluded from the club.icrobes must& as far as possible& be e*cluded from the room during
an operation.Tom has been e*cluded from school ! he is not allowed to go toschool " for bad behaviour .C1 to intentionally not include something:The price e*cludes local ta*es.
17. PredictionB2 a statement about what you think will happen in the future:9lease don't as$ me to make any predictions about tomorrow'smeeting .[+ that ] )o one believed her prediction that the world would end
on /2 )ovember .18. Attitude
attitude noun (*!-!*-'
B1 [! or U ] a feeling or opinion about something or someone, or a way of behaving that
is caused by this:It's often very difficult to change people's attitudes.[+ that ] %he takes the
attitude that children should be allowed to learnat their own pace.He has a
very bad attitude to/towards wor$ .He seems to have undergone a change in/of attitude recently & and
has become much more cooperative.I don't li$e your attitude ! the way you are behaving ".That boy has
a real attitude problem ! behaves in a way that ma$es it difficult for other people to have
a relationship with him or wor$ with him".
attitude noun ("*-4!D%-"%'› [U ] !f you say that someone has attitude, you mean that they are
very confident and want people to notice them)
B2 to start using a plan or system:The changes to the national health system will be implemented