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5/20/2015 1 BC’s New Approach to Impaired Driving: A Story of Change & Transformation A Story of Change & Transformation

A Story of Change Transformation€¦ · A Story of Change & Transformation A Story of Change & Transformation. 5/20/2015 2 Defining & Interpreting the Problem Creating the Urgency

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  • 5/20/2015

    1

    BC’s New Approach to Impaired Driving:  A Story of Change & Transformation

    A Story of Change & Transformation 

  • 5/20/2015

    2

    Defining & Interpreting the Problem

    Creating the Urgency for Change

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    3

    Creating the Urgency for Change

    Alexa MiddelaerOctober 9, 2003 to May 17, 2008

    Building A Strong Coalition …

    ‘ A strong guiding coalition is always needed – one with the rightneeded – one with the right composition, level of trust, and a shared objective.’

    ‐ John Kotter, Harvard University

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    CourtsCourts

    A System Wide Perspective …

    PolicePolice

    Road SafetyRoad Safety

    VictimsVictims

    Road Safety Policy & 

    Legislation

    Road Safety Policy & 

    Legislation

    Crown Prosecutors

    Crown Prosecutors

    Health CareHealth Care

    Building A Strong Coalition …

    BC Association of Chiefs of Police

    BCAARoad Safety 

    BC Ministry of Justice

    Municipal Police

    Foundation

    RoadSafetyBC

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    Building A Strong Coalition …

    Developing the Vision

    Communicating the Vision on a Large Scale

    Eliminating Key Obstacles

    M i DManaging Dozens of Projects Within the Initiative

    Anchoring the Approach in the Culture

    Developing a Broad Value Proposition…

    Reduce Court Workload

    Reduce Court Workload

    Save Lives

    Self FundingSelf Funding

    Police EfficienciesPolice Efficiencies

    Change Behavior (Swift – Certain – Severe)

    (Swifter Justice, Rehabilitation, Increased Enforcement, Predictable Penalties)

    Change Behavior (Swift – Certain – Severe)

    (Swifter Justice, Rehabilitation, Increased Enforcement, Predictable Penalties)

    Value PropositionValue Proposition

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    100

    120

    140

    Alcohol Impaired Driving Fatalities 2005 ‐ 2013

    20

    40

    60

    80 Base Line Annual Average Fatalities = 111

    0

    20

    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

    Fatalities Post Implementation Fatalities 

    Save Lives

    9,000 Annual 

    1,200 Cases

    Cases Removed from Court

    Reduced Court Workload …

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    Police Workload & the Criminal Code

    Police EffortPolice Effort

    Municipal Police

    Criminal Code Sanctions

    New Approach

    4 Days4 Days

    45 Minutes

    45 Minutes

    Efficiency• 98 percent efficiency gain• Ability to do more enforcement

    with the same level of resources

    Effectiveness• Relative to Criminal Code

    sanctions (66% success rate), officers have high success rate (over 95%)

    Creating a Behavioral Program Framework …

    Swift• Immediate Sanctions @ Roadside

    Swift• Immediate Sanctions @ Roadside

    Certain• Widely Known Sanctions

    Certain• Widely Known Sanctions

    Severe• Sanctions with Impact

    Severe• Sanctions with Impact

    Fair & Reasonable• Well Defined Roadside Process & Administrative Appeal Structure

    • Rehabilitation Component

    Fair & Reasonable• Well Defined Roadside Process & Administrative Appeal Structure

    • Rehabilitation Component

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    Putting a Human Face on the Law …

    Alexa MiddelaerOctober 9, 2003 to May 17, 2008

    Giving Life to the Law: Partnership with Police

    TrustTrust

    Shared PurposeShared Purpose

    EngagementEngagementRoadSafetyBC

    Laws That Truly Work, Are Laws That Are Embraced by Those Entrusted to Enforce Them 

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    Implementation

    The Good

    The UglyThe Inevitable

    Court Workload Reduced from ~

    52% Decrease to Alcohol Related Fatalities

    The GoodThe Good

    Reduced from   10,000 to 2,000 annual cases 

    ~ 98% Reduction to Police Workload

    59% D d59% Decreased Prevalence of Impaired Driving

    40/23/20% Decrease: Fatal, Injury, & Property Collisions

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    The GoodThe Good

    Connecting the Political Leadership to the Change Initiative

    February 26, 2011The Clark government’s first priority will be to put families first, she said, echoing a familiar theme on which her campaignfamiliar theme on which her campaign was built upon ….families are the foundation and building block of the province’s future, she said.

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    Innovations Tested

    The Inevitable

    The Inevitable

    BC Supreme Court BC Court of Appeal2011 – 2014

    2015

    The Inevitable

    The Inevitable

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    12

    The UglyThe Ugly

    B.C.’s drunk‐driving law receives the green lightA d t t 2010 l dd d

    The UglyThe Ugly

    Amendments to 2010 law addressed constitutional flaws identified, Supreme Court rules

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    13

    Anchoring & Sustaining the Change

    300,000 

    350,000 

    400,000 

    450,000 2010 Winter 

    100,000 

    150,000 

    200,000 

    250,000 

    BC Liquor Sales Volumes: 2004/05 – 2013/14 

    50,000 

    2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14

    Total Volume Beer & Coolers Spirits Wine

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    'If I had asked people what they wanted, they would have said faster horses.’

    ‐ Henry Ford

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    Moving Past (Policy) Incrementalism

    None settled for best practice

    Questions & Discussion