- A Look at ESL History of the English language Current users of English What is “English as a Second Language?” ESL in the classroom Misconceptions The.
A Look at ESL History of the English language Current users of English What is “English as a Second Language?” ESL in the classroom Misconceptions The.
<p>A Look at ESL History of the English language Current users of English What is English as a Second Language? ESL in the classroom Misconceptions The Future of ESL Slide 2 History of the English Language English is a romance language, a mixture of: Old Germanic Norman French Has changed over the years Added new words from other cultures American slang Slide 3 The Expansion of the English Language 19 th century Britain 20 th century America International commerce Tourism Entertainment Slide 4 English the worlds leading international language The principal language in United States United Kingdom Canada Australia New Zealand Slide 5 English also a leading secondary language Many countries claim English as their secondary language. India South Africa Many parts of Africa and Asia Number of English speakers are second only to Chinese Mandarin speakers Slide 6 Texas Education Agency PRESS RELEASE (May 2001) Limited English Proficient (LEP) students in Texas public schools increases 479,576 in 1995-96 570,603 in 2000-01 3 basic categories of LEPs Some adequacy with English Literate only in native language No reading skills in native language Slide 7 Chapter 89 Adaptations for Special Populations The purpose of this policy is to: Identify limited English proficient children Provide bilingual education Seek certified teachers to afford full opportunities to LEPs Assess achievement of skills Slide 8 Established Programs for LEPs A Bilingual Education program An English as a Second Language program Slide 9 English as a Second Language What is English as a Second Language? What is an ESL program? What is the purpose of an ESL program? Slide 10 English as a Second Language Who should be enrolled in an ESL program? Will the child be taught the same subjects and learn the same skills as students in the regular program? Slide 11 English as a Second Language Who is responsible for teaching in an ESL program? How is an ESL program different from language arts instruction? Slide 12 English Speakers vs. LEPs English Speakers: Acquired pre-reading and basic reading abilities A good start towards a mental framework Foundation for success in language art Limited English Proficient Children: Struggling to comprehend English Lacking in necessary pre-skills Slide 13 Mastery of Language Arts Concepts Basic oral proficiency and reading skills Specialized abilities Knowledge demanded in content areas How much prior skill and knowledge of the field does the student possess? How effectively is the student able to read the passages assigned? Slide 14 Teachers and Administrators Provide information in a way that is clearly understood Variations of instruction strategies Differentiate instruction according to entry-level language skills Slide 15 Teachers Tips Support the students home language and culture; bring a multicultural perspective to the subjects you are teaching Simplify your speaking Use videos, filmstrips, and audio cassettes Use gestures and concrete referents Slide 16 Teachers Tips Avoid true/false questions Demonstrate; use manipulative Pair or group ESL students with native speakers Be very careful of your body language Increase your knowledge Slide 17 Conclusion LEP population is rising Schools/teachers must recognize this and be pro-active Understanding the LEPs culture will assist in education/understanding </p>