7th-5religions Compare and contrast the tenets of the five major world religions (i.e., Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism)

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    The Five Major Rel igions

    Social Studies Online

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    B luePrint Ski l l: Grade 7 History

    Compare and contrast the tenetsof the five major world religions

    (i.e., Christianity, Buddhism,

    Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism).

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    Main Menu

    Christianity

    Islam

    HinduismJudaism

    Buddhism

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    Christ iani ty

    The early Hebrews who eventuallydeveloped into the Jewish religionbecame the foundation ofChristianity.

    Jesus, or the Messiah, was a Jewishboy who disagreed with some of theJewish principles of his day began to

    profess a new way of thinking. This eventually led to the beginning

    of the Christian religion.

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    Christ iani ty

    Christianity started about 2000years ago about the same time of

    Jesus.

    The central point of Christian

    belief is that God, the Father,

    entered into human history as

    the Son, Jesus of Nazereth, and

    arose as the Holy Spirit.

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    Chr is t ian Phi losophy

    God is the Creator of the universe.There is one God, Who is

    Three Persons-

    Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

    Jesus is both fully man and fully

    God. He was born of the Virgin Mary

    Crucified, resurrected from the dead,

    and ascended to the Father.

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    Chr is t ian Phi losophy

    Sin and Evil are realities in ourexistence.

    The Bible is the Holy Book that

    records God's revelation. All believers are promised life

    everlasting.

    The leader of Christianity wasJesus, and the followers was his12 disciples.

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    Buddh ism

    Founding person of Buddhism isGuatama, the Buddha

    The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk

    who remains the leader of theTibetans.

    Buddhism is a major religion in

    China, Japan, India, and Tibet.

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    The Major Phi losophy o f Buddh ism

    Love: without conditions Compassion: or feeling at one with

    the person who is suffering

    Sympathetic Joy:Celebrate thehappiness of others, and do not

    resent their good fortune.

    Impartiality: Treat everyone equally,and do not use others for personal

    gain or to win approval.

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    The Major Phi losophy o f Buddh ism

    Buddhism states that existenceis a continuing cycle of death

    and rebirth called reincarnation.

    Each person's position in life isdetermined by his or her

    behavior in the previous life.

    This is known as their "karma"

    (also a Hindu belief).

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    Buddh ism

    Buddhism is the world's oldestuniversal religion and it is the

    second fastest growing

    religion.

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    Is lam

    ISLAM is the name given to thereligion preached by the prophet

    Muhammad in the 600s A. D.

    The Islamic religion started in thearea known as Palestine in the year

    600AD.

    It has about 850 million followers,most of them in the region north and

    east of the Mediterranean Sea.

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    Is lam

    The holy book of Islam isthe "Koran." Muslimsbelieve its words to bethose of Allah himself,

    spoken to Muhammad by anangel.

    Allah, is the Islamic God.

    People who believe theseideas are called Muslims.

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    Is lam ic Phi losophy

    Muslims learn that life on earth is aperiod of testing and preparation forthe life to come.

    Angels record good and bad deeds.

    People should behave themselves andhelp others, trusting in Allah's justiceand mercy for their reward.

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    Hinduism

    HINDUISM is one of the world'soldest religions.

    Over 2/3's of the world's Hindus livein India; large numbers reside inAfrica also.

    Hindus believe in many gods,numbering into the thousands. They

    recognize one supreme spirit calledBrahman ("the Absolute.")

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    Hindu Phi losophy

    Hindus believe in many gods,numbering into the thousands.

    They recognize one supreme spiritcalled Brahman (the Absolute).

    The goal of Hindus is to somedayjoin with Brahman.

    Until that union takes place,

    believers are in a continuousprocess of rebirth called"reincarnation."

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    Hindu Phi losophy

    At death, the Hindu's deeds (karma)determine what the next life will be.

    Followers work to break this cycle--birth, death, re-birth-- (referred to bywriters as the "Wheel of Life") andgain release.

    The Hindu's soul then merges with

    Brahman in a condition of spiritualperfection (moksha).

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    Hinduism

    Hinduism has many sacred books,the oldest being a series called the"Vedas.

    Traditional Hindu society wasdivided into groups of four classes(or varnas). This was known as the"caste system."

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    Judaism

    JUDAISM is a religion of just onepeople: the Jews.

    JUDAISM was the first to teach

    belief in only one God. Two otherimportant religions developed

    from Judaism: Christianity and

    Islam.

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    Judaism

    Jews think that God will send aMessiah (a deliverer) to unite themand lead them in His way.

    Christians believe that Jesus was theMessiah. The Jewish people do notagree; they anticipate His arrival inthe future.

    Judaism teaches that death is not theend and that there is a world tocome.

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    Judaism

    The "Torah," the first five booksof the Hebrew Bible, is the mostimportant Jewish scripture.

    It contains the basic laws ofJudaism.

    Another important book is the

    "Talmud," serving primarily as aguide to the civil and religiouslaws of Judaism.

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    Judaism

    The Jewish house of worship iscalled a synagogue.

    Rabbis (spiritual leaders) conductservices, act as interpreters ofJewish laws, and deliver sermons.

    Today there are over 18 millionfollowers of Judaism scattered

    throughout the world. A largenumber of those people live in theJewish nation of Israel. Over sixmillion live in the United States.

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    Jew ish Phi losophy

    God is one and unique God is the creator

    God is transcendent

    God is immanent. God is lawgiver

    God is personal

    We have the obligation to worship The Torah is God's law

    God is judge

    The Messiah will come.

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    How much have you learned?

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    Challenge

    http://classroom.jc-schools.net/ss-units/PPT-games/7th-5religions-game.ppthttp://classroom.jc-schools.net/ss-units/PPT-games/7th-5religions-game.ppthttp://classroom.jc-schools.net/ss-units/PPT-games/7th-5religions-game.ppt