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4500 Switch Cisco Ios Software Configuration Guide

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Document InformationDocument Title: Part Number: Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Software Configuration Guide 78-15116-01B0 S/W Release (if applicable): 12.1(13)EW The information is accurate. The information I wanted was easy to find. The information I found was useful to my job.

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Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Software Configuration GuideCisco IOS Release 12.1(13)EW

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C O N T E N T SPrefacexvii xvii xvii xix

Audience

Organization

Related Documentation

Conventions xx Commands in Task Tables

xx

Obtaining Documentation xxi Cisco.com xxi Documentation CD-ROM xxi Ordering Documentation xxi Documentation Feedbackxxii

Obtaining Technical Assistance xxii Cisco TAC Website xxii Opening a TAC Case xxii TAC Case Priority Definitions xxiii Obtaining Additional Publications and Information1xxiii

CHAPTER

Product Overview

1-1 1-1

Supported Hardware

Layer 2 Software Features 1-2 CDP 1-2 DHCP Snooping 1-2 EtherChannel Bundles 1-3 Jumbo Frames 1-3 Layer 2 Traceroute 1-3 MST 1-3 Spanning Tree Protocol 1-4 UDLD 1-4 Unidirectional Ethernet 1-4 VLANs 1-4 Layer 3 Software Features 1-5 CEF 1-5 HSRP 1-6 IP Routing Protocols 1-6Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Software Configuration GuideRelease 12.1(13)EW 78-15116-01B0

iii

Contents

Multicast Services 1-8 Network Security with ACLs Policy-Based Routing 1-9 QoS Features1-9

1-8

Management and Security Features2

1-9

CHAPTER

Command-Line Interfaces

2-1

Accessing the Switch CLI 2-1 Accessing the CLI Using the EIA/TIA-232 Console Interface Accessing the CLI Through Telnet 2-2 Performing Command-Line Processing Performing History Substitution2-4 2-4 2-5 2-3

2-1

Understanding IOS Command Modes Getting a List of Commands and Syntax ROMMOM Command-Line Interface3

2-6

CHAPTER

Configuring the Switch for the First Time Default Switch Configuration3-1

3-1

Configuring the Switch 3-2 Using Configuration Mode to Configure Your Switch 3-2 Checking the Running Configuration Settings 3-3 Saving the Running Configuration Settings to Your Start-up File Reviewing the Configuration in NVRAM 3-4 Configuring a Default Gateway 3-4 Configuring a Static Route 3-5 Controlling Access to Privileged EXEC Commands 3-6 Setting or Changing a Static enable Password 3-7 Using the enable Password and enable secret Commands 3-7 Setting or Changing a Privileged Password 3-8 Setting TACACS+ Password Protection for Privileged EXEC Mode Encrypting Passwords 3-9 Configuring Multiple Privilege Levels 3-9 Recovering a Lost Enable Password3-11

3-3

3-8

Modifying the Supervisor Engine Startup Configuration 3-12 Understanding the Supervisor Engine Boot Configuration 3-12 Configuring the Software Configuration Register 3-13 Specifying the Startup System Image 3-17 Controlling Environment Variables 3-18Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Software Configuration GuideRelease 12.1(13)EW

iv

78-15116-01B0

Contents

Setting the BOOTLDR Environment Variable4

3-18

CHAPTER

Configuring Interfaces

4-1 4-1

Overview of Interface Configuration Using the interface Command4-2

Configuring a Range of Interfaces

4-4 4-5

Defining and Using Interface-Range Macros

Configuring Optional Interface Features 4-6 Configuring Ethernet Interface Speed and Duplex Mode Configuring Jumbo Frame Support 4-9 Interacting with the Baby Giants Feature 4-11 Understanding Online Insertion and Removal4-12

4-6

Monitoring and Maintaining the Interface 4-12 Monitoring Interface and Controller Status 4-12 Clearing and Resetting the Interface 4-13 Shutting Down and Restarting an Interface 4-135

CHAPTER

Checking Port Status and Connectivity Checking Module Status Checking Interfaces Status Checking MAC Addresses Using Telnet5-3 5-4 5-4 5-1 5-2 5-3

5-1

Changing the Logout Timer Monitoring User Sessions

Using Ping 5-5 Understanding How Ping Works Running Ping 5-6

5-5

Using IP Traceroute 5-7 Understanding How IP Traceroute Works Running IP Traceroute 5-7 Using Layer 2 Traceroute 5-8 Understanding Layer 2 Traceroute 5-8 Layer 2 Traceroute Usage Guidelines 5-8 Running Layer 2 Traceroute 5-9

5-7

Configuring ICMP 5-10 Enabling ICMP Protocol U

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