3-Learning and Teaching in the Digital Age

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    Learning and Teaching in

    the Digital Age

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tengku Shahrom (DrT)

    UNITAR International University

    tengku_shahrom@unitar.my

    24th

    March, 2013

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    Here's to the crazy ones. The misfits.

    The rebels. The troublemakers. The

    round pegs in the square holes. Theones who see things differently.

    They're not fond of rules. And they

    have no respect for the status quo.

    You can quote them, disagree with

    them, glorify or vilify them. But the

    only thing you can't do is ignore them.

    Because they change things. They

    push the human race forward.

    And while some see them as the crazy

    ones, we see genius.

    Because the people who are crazy

    enough to think they can change the

    world, are the ones who do.

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    For the first time

    we are preparing

    students for a future

    we cannot clearly

    describe.

    David Warlick

    http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/

    Our Shared Problem...

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    http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com

    Introducingtechnologyinto

    education

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    New and emerging technologies...

    http://www.weirdthings.org.uk

    ...are often met with opposition.

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    Innovation

    Prevention

    Department

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    http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com

    Introducingcomputers intoschools

    Any sufficientlyadvancedtechnology is

    indistinguishablefrom magic

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    We are battling

    against a commonenemy....

    ignorance

  • 8/13/2019 3-Learning and Teaching in the Digital Age

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    If you think education is expensive...

    ...try ignorance.

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    What is wrong with school?

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    Education is what remains after one

    has forgotten everything he learned in

    school.Albert Einstein

    http://gradeproud.com

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    Does education need transformation?

    Source: Chambers English Dictionary

    "In large statespublic education

    will always be

    mediocre, for the

    same reason that in

    large kitchens the

    cooking is usually

    bad."

    - Nietzschehttp://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com

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    Young peoples out-

    of-school experiences

    with technology can

    mean that students

    find the presentation

    of school curriculumless challenging, less

    relevant and less

    engaging.

    Source: http://community.learningobjects.com

    htt

    p://encefalus.com/

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    Education is changing for young people asthey experience self-directed learning,

    (mostly outside school) about things that

    interest them.Source: http://community.learningobjects.com

    http://flickr.com/photos/thomcochrane/416206133/

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    Education must begin

    with the solution of

    the teacher-student

    contradiction, by

    reconciling the poles

    of the contradiction so

    that both are

    simultaneously

    teachers and

    students.

    - Paulo Frierehttp://arts.anu.edu.au

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    The wish to preserve the past rather than

    the hope of creating the future dominatesthe minds of those who control the teaching

    of the young" - Bertrand Russell

    http://flickr.com/photos/shu1/6065783/

    Does education need reform?

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    The School Computer Suite...

    http://www.hseb.utah.edu

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    http://i.dailymail.co.uk

    Objections from educators

    ...they are distracting and

    disruptive. The phone becomesthe focus of attention,

    inappropriate images/videos can

    be taken and sent, leading to

    invasion of privacy and loss of

    teacher control!

    Mobile phones are bannedinmost schools because...

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    Half of teens send 50 ormore text messages a day,

    or 1,500 texts a month, and

    one in three send more

    than 100 texts a day, ormore than 3,000 texts a

    month. (2009 statistics)

    Source: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspx

    http://blog.roadandtravel.com

    Mobile phones are thenatural communication

    tool of choice for younger

    users.Are we preparing this

    generation for the future

    or for the past?

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    What are the needs of todays

    learners?

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    http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/5667863948/

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    Learners will need new literacies

    Social networking

    Privacy maintenance

    Identity management Creating content

    Organising content

    Reusing and repurposing Filtering and selecting

    Self presenting

    http://www.mopocket.com/

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    anytime

    personalised

    anyplacehtt : ithalas.com

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    Trends in Education

    Just for me Apprenticeship model

    Just in case Standard Curriculum

    Just in timeBespoke Curriculum

    Just for mePersonalised Learning

    Personal Learning Environment

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    Asystem that helps learners take control of andmanage their own learning. This includes providing

    support for learners to

    Personal Learning Environment

    manage their

    learning

    set their own

    learning goals

    communicate

    with others

    User Generated Content

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    What does a personal learning

    environment look like?

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    Personalised

    Learning

    Today you are You,

    that is truer than true.

    There is no one alive

    who is Youer than You.

    - Dr Suesshttp://images.fanpop.com/images

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    Personalisation of learning means ensuring

    that individual differencesare

    acknowledged

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    Generating Content

    Sharing Content Organising Content

    Personal Web Tools

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    Generating Content

    Sharing Content Organising Content

    Blog Mashup

    Wiki

    Tagging

    Personal Web Tools

    E-portfolio

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    Personal Learning Environments

    Personal

    Learning

    Environment

    Personal

    Learning

    Network

    PersonalWeb Tools

    Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html

    PLEs are not only personal

    web tools and personal

    learning networks. PLEsare much wider than this,

    taking in experiences and

    realia, as well as learning

    through TV, music, paper

    based materials, radio &

    more formal contexts.

    Learning content is not as

    important now as where

    (or who) to connect to, to

    find it.

    PWTs are any web tools,

    (usually Web 2.0) chosen

    by learners to support

    their lifelong learning.

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    http

    ://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.u

    k

    Learning to learn

    Critical thinking

    Collaboration

    Creativity

    Reflection

    Evaluation

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    Why social media?

    S i l di 2011

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    Social media use 2011

    >200Million95 million tweets/day

    2 Billion views/day

    24 hours/minute

    Source: http://www.browsermedia.co.uk

    Th l b l t t

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    There are 5

    billion mobile

    phone

    connections. 3

    times as manymobile phones

    as computers on

    the planet.

    Source: BBC News 2010

    Data consumed in

    2010 for mobiles

    2.8 exabytes

    Data consumed in2009 1.1 exabytes

    The global context...

    Social media use

    is on the rise withover 750 million

    users on

    Facebook and 24

    hours of video

    uploaded every

    minute on

    Youtube.

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    http://www.uksmallbusinesswebsites.co.uk

    With access to Social Media

    everyone has a voice

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    What are the new pedagogies?

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    Education

    Educere (latin) = to draw out what is within

    = to bring out potential

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    Education

    Educere (latin) = to draw out what is within

    = to bring out potential

    Image source: http://laescueladeateanas.files.wordpress.com

    Socratic discourse isbased on asking and

    answering questions

    to stimulate critical

    thinking and illuminate

    ideas.

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    We cannot manageself-organised

    learning for our

    students.

    We can only create

    conducive

    environments within

    which students will

    organise their own

    learning.

    Self Organised Learning

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    Formal and

    Informal

    learning

    Formal Learning Informal Learning

    20%

    80%Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning.

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    http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu

    Networked learning

    Understanding hownetworks work is one of

    the most important

    literacies of the 21stCentury.

    - Howard Rheingold

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    Making Connections

    In connectivism, learning involves creating

    connectionsand developing a network. It is

    a theory for the digital age drawing upon

    chaos, emergent properties, and

    self organised learning.

    (Its not what you know but who you know)

    Source: Wikipediahttp://www.pestproducts.com

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    Social Networks...

    Redefinecommunity,friendship, identity, presence,

    privacy, geography, power

    relationships

    Enablelearning, connections,

    collaboration, sharing,

    exploration

    Adapted from Couros, A. (2010)

    http://www.guardian.co.uk

    http://strategicdc.com

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    Social Networks...

    Redefinecommunity,friendship, identity, presence,

    privacy, geography, power

    relationships

    Enablelearning, connections,

    collaboration, sharing,

    exploration

    Networks form around shared

    interests, ideas and objects

    Adapted from Couros, A. (2010)

    http://www.guardian.co.uk

    http://strategicdc.com

    Rhi

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    RhizomesDeleuze &Guattari

    Anarchy of the Web

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    ...multiple, non-hierarchical entry and exit

    points in data representation and

    interpretation.

    Rhizomatic learning

    http://archbold-station.org

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    Rhizomatic learning

    In the rhizomatic view,knowledge can only be

    negotiated, [and is] a

    personal knowledge-creation

    process with mutable goals

    and constantly negotiated

    premises.

    Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/

    Steve

    Wheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,

    2008

    Community as curriculum: The users become the

    arbiters of what constitutes knowledge

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    http://www.flickr.com/photos/luc/

    Paragogy The kinds of learner support

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    The kinds of learner support

    Social

    support

    Academicsupport

    Technical

    support

    Reference: (Carnwell, 2000)

    Traditionally the

    domain of the

    teacher/tutor

    These are

    often

    providedby peers

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    We are seeing peer-based learning

    networks where students are learning as

    much from each other as they are from

    their mentors and tutors.

    John Seely-Brown

    Image source: http://businessinnovationfactory.com

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    What will be the new

    teacher roles?

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    http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com

    Any teacherwho can bereplaced by acomputer....

    .... should be.

    - Arthur C. Clarke

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    A computer

    once beat me

    at chess...

    http://woodforthetrees.files.wordpress.com

    ...but was

    no match for

    me at

    kickboxing.

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    Content curation

    Collaboration

    Facilitation

    Inspiration!

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/2760560588/

    Co-learning

    Learning support

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    Doctors save lives.

    Teachers make lives.

    http://www.t

    aranakicareers.co.nz

    Digital Content Curation

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    Digital Content Curation

    www.scoop.it/t/future-school

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    We need to trust

    the innate abilityof learners to self

    assess.

    - Derek RobertsonE-Assessment Scotland, 2010

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    Ipsative assessment...

    ...where a students learning is measured against previous

    attainment. This is observed in games where players are

    constantly trying to better their own previous top scores.

    Triadic assessment

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    Triadic assessment

    TutorAssessment

    Triadic Assessment (Gale et al, 2002)

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    Multimedia brought

    the world into theclassroom...

    www.canada.com

    Smart technologies

    will take the

    classroom out intothe world.

    Th f t ?

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    All too often todaywe are giving

    young people cut

    flowers when weshould be teaching

    them to grow their

    ownplants.

    - John W Gardner

    http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg

    http://www.newcastle.edu.au

    The future?

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    Thankyou!

    E: tengku_shahrom@unitar.my

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