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Shared Surfaces EUT507.05 Elif Küçüksayraç 23.02.2005 VOCABULARY / CONCEPTS

23.02.2005 VOCABULARY / CONCEPTS

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23.02.2005 VOCABULARY / CONCEPTS. 23.02.2005 AFFECTIVE. ‘Affective’ is a very sentimental word which suffers from having 8/9 letters in comman with the word ‘effective’. EFFECTIVE. 1 : relating to, arising from, or influencing feelings or emotions : EMOTIONAL 2 : expressing emotion. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: 23.02.2005 VOCABULARY / CONCEPTS

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23.02.2005

VOCABULARY / CONCEPTS

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açEFFECTIVE

23.02.2005

AFFECTIVE

‘Affective’ is a very sentimental word which suffers from having 8/9 letters incomman with the word ‘effective’.

1 : relating to, arising from, or influencing feelings or emotions : EMOTIONAL 2 : expressing emotion

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EFFECTIVE

This year, !F İstanbul’s advertisement compaign was again very effective, as they introduced this sweet but freakcharacter as mascot. It captures everyones attention.They also made a commercial filmreferencing one of the most interesting films of this year for their regular addicteds.

1 a : producing a decided, decisive, or desired effect b : IMPRESSIVE, STRIKING 2 : ready for service or action 3 : ACTUAL 4 : being in effect : OPERATIVE 5 of a rate of interest : equal to the rate of simple interest that yields the same amount when the interest is paid once at the end of the interest period as a quoted rate of interest does when calculated at compound interest over the same period

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EFFICIENT

During the film festival, to use our money and time efficiently, we had to make a plan. Firts we chose the films we wanna see. Every film is being shown at least twice. As the earlier matinees are cheaper we preferred these ones according to our free time.And we tried to choose the films following each other not to waste time inbetween. We also took our durability into account, we can’t watch 4-5 films a day. But then we were late to buy the tickets,most of the good ones were sold out.This year our efficiency is very low again,as we didn’t consider the most important parameter so well.

1. Efficiency is the capability of acting or producing effectivelywith a minimum of waste, expense, or unnecessary effort.

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23.02.2005

CONVERGENCE

I go to an atelier to make my table produced. It is a wooden table and I’m quite happy with its form, butthere is a problem at the connectiondetail. I go to an experienced carpenterand we talk about how we can solve the detail better. He suggests me a solutionand I use the idea, adapting it to the look of my table.

if 2 different colours combines,it results in a 3rd colour

1 : the act of converging and especially moving toward union or uniformity; especially : coordinated movement of the two eyes so that the image of a single point is formed on corresponding retinal areas2 : the state or property of being convergent3 : independent development of similar characters (as of bodily structure or cultural traits) often associated with similarity of habits or environment

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CONVEYANCE

It’s hard to expect convergencewhen there is problems with conveyance.

if one of the two persons in a conversationjust tries to understand the other,

the case results in the second understanding the first, at most

1 LEAD, CONDUCT2 a : to bear from one place to another; especially : to move in a continuous stream or mass b : to impart or communicate by statement, suggestion, gesture, or appearance

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CD COVER of overtone

23.02.2005

AMBIENT

In big clubs with many rooms, there is usually a room that plays ambient music where people can seat on comfortable seats, rest themselves and their ears, relax and chat or maybe nap for a while.It would be nice to adapt this ideato schols, offices, restaurants etc.

1. Encompassing on all sides; circumfused; investing.2. Something that surrounds or invests; as, air.3. being a perpetual ambient.4. completely enveloping; "the ambient air"; "ambient sound"; "the ambient temperature".5. environmental or surrounding conditions.6. Referring to undisturbed environmental surroundings, particularly to air and temperature F - ambiant S - ambiente.7. Usual or surrounding conditions.

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23.02.2005

APPLIANCE

Some people have bigger hands, some have more sensitive ears, some make the appliances.

1 : an act of applying2 a : a piece of equipment for adapting a tool or machine to a special purpose b : an instrument or device designed for a particular use; specifically : a household or office device (as a stove, fan, or refrigerator) operated by gas or electric current

synonym IMPLEMENT

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23.02.2005

WEARABLE

I haven’t read in a science fiction or so but maybe there is a term already found to name the people that refuse to wear electronic implants.

JAMES AUGERphoto taken from the book

‘SPOON’1. Capable of being worn; suitable to be worn.

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23.02.2005

PORTABLE

HÜSEYİNÇAĞLAYAN

Nomad

1. Capable of being carried or moved about

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23.02.2005

SHARED

Beside the many things I share with mybrother who lives in the next room to mine, now we share our folders on ourcomputers. We don’t chat in msn yet.

1 : to divide and distribute in shares 2 a : to partake of, use, experience, occupy, or enjoy with others b : to have in common

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23.02.2005

SURFACE

Every line or spot on the surface is an evidence of an experience.

Marcel Wanders

1 : the exterior or upper boundary of an object or body2 : a plane or curved two-dimensional locus of points 3 a : the external or superficial aspect of something b : an external part or layer

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09.03.2005

ACCESS

passwordkeysecurity

1. A coming to, or near approach; admittance; admission; accessibility.2. The means, place, or way by which a thing may be approached; passage way; as, the access is by a neck of land.

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09.03.2005

ACTUAL

real, possible, theoretical, virtual

1. Involving or comprising action; active.2. Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in fact; real; opposed to potential, possible, virtual, speculative, conceivable, theoretical, or nominal; as, the actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion.

depends on the context

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16.03.2005

SMART

1. Vigorous; sharp; severe.2. Accomplishing, or able to accomplish, results quickly; active; sharp; clever.3. Efficient; vigorous; brilliant.

cheers

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16.03.2005

INTELLIGENT

1. Endowed with the faculty of understanding or reason; as, man is an intelligent being.2. Possessed of intelligence, education, or judgment; knowing; sensible; skilled; marked by intelligence; as, an intelligent young man; an intelligent architect; an intelligent answer.3. Cognizant; aware; communicative.4. having the capacity for thought and reason especially to a high degree

respect

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02.03.2005

TECHNOLOGY

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TECHNOLOGY REVIEW SEPT 2004

In the mid-1980s, neuroophthalmologist Joseph Rizzo III was researching retinal transplants to restore blind peoples vision. One day, removing a lab animals retina, a tissue-thin membrane that lines the back of the eyeballs interior, he had an epiphany. The moment I made the cut, I said to myself, What in the hell are you doing? Rizzo recounts. He realized he was cutting nerve connections that are actually spared in many forms of blindness. The retinas light-sensing cells die off in retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration, which affect millions worldwide; but the nearby neurons that ferry the signals from those cells to the brain remain intact. So Rizzo conceived of a retinal prosthesisan implant that would take a wireless signal from a video camera, bypass the light receptors, and stimulate the healthy nerve cells directly to feed the image to the brain. Rizzo, working at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and the Boston VA Medical Center, teamed up with MIT electrical engineer John Wyatt Jr. to pursue the scheme. In 1988, they launched the Boston Retinal Implant Project, which today comprises 27 researchers at eight institutions. The team has already done short-term human tests and hopes to test a permanent prosthesis by 2006.

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23.02.2005

Demo: Artificial Retina, Erika Jonietz

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1. Image Relay. In a small, windowless workroom jammed with tables and equipment in his MIT lab, Wyatt explains how a real-time image is captured and relayed to the retinal prosthesis. While he talks, a visiting scientist named Shawn Kelly models the systems external parts. The idea: a small, commercial digital video camera (the researchers havent chosen one yet) would be mounted on a pair of glasses. As the user looked about, a transmitternow just a coil of wires, attached to a circuit board that will be packaged and worn on a beltwould send images wirelessly from the camera to the implant in his or her eye. Heres the transmitter coil, Wyatt says, pointing out two concentric copper rings taped to the earpiece of the glasses. Using radio waves, he says, the inner ring sends the data to the prosthesis, while the outer coil sends it power. 2. Message Received. Placing the glasses next to a model of an eyeball, Wyatt shows how the transmitter coil lines up with a similar receiver coil on the implant, which sits on the surface of the eye. In our design, we put almost all of the mass of the implant outside the eyeball, Wyatt says. For years, we wanted to put everything inside. But the eye doesnt like stuff inside; thats why it doesnt have a zipper. Between 1998 and 2000, the team did a series of experiments with an internal implant, placing electrodes inside the eyes of blind volunteers for a matter of hours and firing the electrodes in different test patterns. People saw spots and occasionally lines, but they didnt see quite as much as we had hoped, Wyatt says. We think that people might see better if they have more time to spend with the implant and really learn how to use it. So the team worked on developing a prosthesis better suited to permanent use. The current outside-the-eyeball design is the result. The implant is attached to the eyes surface with small sutures to keep it from shifting as the eye moves normally in its socket. The only thing that penetrates the eye is a little electrode array 10 micrometers thick, two millimeters wide, and three millimeters long. The array slips underneath the retina, where the electrodes stimulate surviving nerve cells in response to images from the camera, providing a small patch of vision.

3. Synthetic Vision. Wyatt pulls the implant off the model and sets it down atop a nearby circuit board to get a better look. A flexible, whitish polymer that molds to the eye forms its base. The electronics sit on the pentagon at the top. Wyatt points to a small black square in that region that acts as the implants brain. This chip, designed in his lab, receives image data and power from the transmitter and figures out the pattern of electrode firings that will best recreate the image from the camera. At the bottom of a thin connecting piece of polymer are the receiver coil and, to its left, on a clear, flexible strip, the electrode array itself. 4. Getting Closer. Rizzo moves the implant under a magnifier to examine the array. It currently consists of only 15 electrodes, each 400 micrometers across. An electrode will drive a cluster of nerve cells nearby, says Rizzo. Although this will provide only a small area of low-resolution vision, Rizzo thinks it will help with his first goal: improving blind peoples quality of life by allowing them to walk around unfamiliar areas more easily than they can with canesand a canes pretty good, he says. After 16 years of research, Rizzo and Wyatt know achieving even that limited goal will be a giant step forward in artificial vision.

digital camera on a pair of glassescamera is attached to a circuit board by wiresboard sends the images wirelessly to the implant

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People born blind or get blind throughvarious deseases.

For the people who lived blind for a long time or ever before this operation described in the article,to make the first sight and the following time easier, learning movies can be shown them. To make this first time smoother, videos can be sent through their circuit board wirelessly to the implant behind the retina. These videos might be about their personal life to create a visual memory of self or the regular daily experiences to train the brain which will process the data coming from the implant.

02.03.2005

new product, service or application of the technology

3 / 3

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www.memory-metalle.deOne and the same alloy can be very pliable and easy to deform plastically, but it can also show an amazing amount of pure elastic deformability (superelasticity). Temperature changes lead to the spectacular thermal shape memory effect.Shape memory alloys are able to show an obviously elastic deformation behaviour which is called Mechanical Shape Memory Effect or Superelasticity. This deformation can be as high as 20x of the elastic strain of steel. Reason for the superelasticity is the stress induced phase transformation from the high temperature phase Austenite into the low temperature phase Martensite. The strain related to this phase transformation is fully reversible after removing the stress (,000,000 cyles).

It’s been produced as wires, tubes, ribbon andthin sheets.

1 / 2

16.03.2005

Shape Memory Alloys

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1,000,000 times usable table tops

open to vandalism

16.03.2005

new product, service or application of the technology

2 / 2

For cafe’s andMeeting rooms

Two people meet in a cafe to discuss a project. They sit around a table and the tabel has a thin sheet of shape memory alloy. They take the special pens (plastic sticks) that the cafe gives, and start to draw on the table.If they want to keep these as a document, they put the table top on a scanner and take a printout or send to their cellular phones by bluetooth.

When leaving they simply throw the table top in the hot water.

remembers being a plain sheetforgets scratchsmodern gravure

reusable paper by washing

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09.03.2005

COGNITIVE MAP

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home

uni

ex work places / schools

relax, friends

activities

long times in traffic

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my desk in my room(my main work place )

bed for readinghome

left hand

right hand

archives

personal