2012 SCHOOLS’ NOTES - Schools...CORELLI: Concerto Grosso in D, ... Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools’ Notes NSW ... E minor – Oboe 1; Violin 1,

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  • 2012 SCHOOLS NOTES

    TOUR 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    NEW SOUTH WALES notes by Kathleen Beazley

  • Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools Notes NSW Tour 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    TOUR 6 CONCERTO CARRY ON Possible Topics/Units of Study: Baroque Music; Music for Small Ensembles/ Large Ensembles; Structure; Tonality/Pitch.

    CORELLI: Concerto Grosso in D, Op.6, No.1 1300

    VIVALDI: Violin Concerto in C major, RV190 900 Satu Vnsk (violin)

    HANDEL: Concerto Grosso in G, Op.6, No.1 1200

    VOCABULARY: Solo (Soli) Tutti Concertino Ripieno Figured bass Concerto Grosso Concerto Largo/Adagio Allegro Cadence Arpeggio Scale Score Markings A tempo giusto Soli Tutti Tasto solo

    WEB LINKS: Corelli Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcangelo_Corelli Baroque Composers and Musicians - http://www.baroquemusic.org/bqxcorelli.html Poets & Composers Index to short biographies - http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Corelli-Arcangelo.htm 52 composers.com - http://www.52composers.com/corelli.html 8notes.com - http://www.8notes.com/biographies/corelli.asp Vivaldi Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Vivaldi 52 composers.com - http://www.52composers.com/vivaldi.html Poets & Composers Index to short biographies - http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Vivaldi.htm Musician Matters (related info) - http://musicianmatters.com/music-analysis/antonio-vivaldi-concerto-for-violin-rv-286/ 8notes.com - http://www.8notes.com/biographies/vivaldi.asp Handel Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Frideric_Handel 8notes.com - http://www.8notes.com/school/history/handel.asp 52 composers.com - http://www.52composers.com/handel.html Poets & Composers Index to Short Biographies - http://www.52composers.com/handel.html

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcangelo_Corellihttp://www.baroquemusic.org/bqxcorelli.htmlhttp://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Corelli-Arcangelo.htmhttp://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Corelli-Arcangelo.htmhttp://www.52composers.com/corelli.htmlhttp://www.8notes.com/biographies/corelli.asphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Vivaldihttp://www.52composers.com/vivaldi.htmlhttp://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Vivaldi.htmhttp://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Vivaldi.htmhttp://musicianmatters.com/music-analysis/antonio-vivaldi-concerto-for-violin-rv-286/http://musicianmatters.com/music-analysis/antonio-vivaldi-concerto-for-violin-rv-286/http://www.8notes.com/biographies/vivaldi.asphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Frideric_Handelhttp://www.8notes.com/school/history/handel.asphttp://www.52composers.com/handel.htmlhttp://www.52composers.com/handel.html

  • Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools Notes NSW Tour 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    COMMON IDEAS/THEMES TO EXPLORE IN LESSONS:

    SOLO VS THE GROUP: All three of these works have a solo vs. group structure. The Concerto Grossi (Corelli & Handel) has the concertino vs. the ripieno, whilst the Vivaldi has the solo violin vs. the orchestra. CONVENTIONS OF BAROQUE TONALITY: These works use conventional tonality throughout. The keys are clearly established in the beginning and the methods used to modulate are quite formulaic in nature. Techniques such as sequences are used often to move through keys. Modulations are generally to conventional keys (i.e. the dominant, relative minor/major, etc). CONVENTIONS OF MOTIVIC DEVELOPMENT: Motifs are developed and presented in quite similar ways (Baroque conventionality) in these works. This helps to reinforce the Baroque style being studied. There is a strong use of scalic and arpeggiated movement in the motifs of these works.

    TEACHING IDEAS: These ideas run in sequence. It would be good to do the Performing activities first as this will get students into the style of the work immediately through a doing activity. See Teacher Notes at the end of this booklet for more details about each idea. There are also some pre prepared worksheets you can use or model other worksheets on.

    SYLLABUS ALIGNMENT Ideas can be applied to cover stages 4 to 6

    PERFORMING/DOING COMPOSING/CREATING LISTENING/MUSICOLOGY

    IDEA 1 Solo vs the Group: Students could perform the Allegro movement of the Corelli as a class arrangement that emphasises this idea. Attached score for easy arrangement and actual musical score of the movement.

    IDEA 3 Composition preparation Students may wish to do some composition exercises using scale ideas and arpeggio ideas in preparation for composition writing. IDEA 4 Having used the above activity as a starting point, students can complete the guided composition task. See Teacher Notes and worksheet included at this back of this booklet.

    IDEA 2 Stage 4 6 Have students listen to the second movement (Allegro) of the Handel and complete the analysis worksheet. This will enable students to gain a much clearer understanding of the building blocks used in baroque pieces such as these. This would also be a good springboard activity to lead into composition work with students.

  • Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools Notes NSW Tour 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    The following are expounded explanations of the four main aides for this program of pieces. These are designed so that they can be adapted to a number of works within the genre. Take these ideas and use them for other pieces so as to build on the foundations provided in this pack. Good luckhave fun!

    IDEA 1: Solo vs the Group: Students could perform the Allegro movement of the Corelli as a class arrangement that emphasises this idea. See the score for easy arrangement and actual musical score of the movement.

    There are two versions of the first 16 bars of the Corelli (Final Allegro movement) included in this pack; a simplified score with the melody parts in simple meter and the original with the melody parts in the triplet rhythms. This can be done on any instruments you have in the classroom. You may wish to look at only the melody lines first for Stage 4 students and then build up the other layers to create a class arrangement. There are documents of groups of like as well as the whole score. Feel free to use them all how you see fit. NB The viola part has been doubled on the stave above into treble clef for students that do not read alto clef. EXTENSION Senior students may wish to use this arrangement as a model to create their own class arrangement of other movements in the works. This could be a valuable task for those learning to use, or becoming more familiar with, music software.

    IDEA 2: Stage 4 6 - Have students to listen to the second movement (Allegro) of the Handel and complete the analysis worksheet included at the end of this booklet. This will enable students to gain a much clearer understanding of the building blocks used in Baroque pieces such as these. This would also be a good springboard activity to lead into composition work with students.

    Handel score analysis: The worksheet template in this pack is designed to be quite flexible. Stage 4 students will need more guidance so the examples from the score are essential. You may also choose to do this as a class or in small groups with younger students. Once this has been done you can use the same or similar questions to look at other movements in the works for this program. The motivic development is quite similar particularly for the Concerto Grossi this is conventional for the time. EXTENSION More advance students will be able to complete this worksheet with much less guidance and will be able to use it as a springboard into composition work. The answers to the questions are given in red on the worksheet template dont forget to remove them from the sheet when giving it out to the students!

  • Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools Notes NSW Tour 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    IDEA 3: Composition preparation Students may wish to do a few composition exercises using scale and arpeggio ideas in preparation for composition writing.

    SCALES-REVIEW-SHEET TEACHER Composition Exercises STUDENT Composition Exercises: This is a template that can be used in all Stage groups. The younger students will take longer to complete this activity in preparation for the next composition activity/project. They will also need more guidance. The focus of this activity is to help students to build a musical motif through guided steps. NB - Before completing this activity it is important to review or introduce students to the formulas for major and minor scales (older students will simply need to review them see the SCALES-REVIEW-SHEET). EXTENSION Once you have completed this activity/worksheet with the students you may wish to repeat the process using arpeggios instead of scales. This will add to the ideas base that students can use to build their compositions in the next activity/project.

    IDEA 4: Having used the above activity as a starting point, students can complete the guided composition task. See Teacher Notes and the worksheet included at the back of this booklet.

    COMPOSITION-TASK Guide sheet: This is a good guide for step-by-step composition writing. Not only does it scaffold the process for the students but it also offers a model that can be used for other composition processes/tasks. This can also be used to structure a composition diary in the upper stage groups (Stage 5&6).

  • Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools Notes NSW Tour 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    WORKSHEETS

  • Australian Chamber Orchestra 2012 Schools Notes NSW Tour 6 Mozart, Handel & Vivaldi Concertos

    COMPOSITION TASK GUIDE SHEET: