(2000 B.C.E - 1450 B.C.E.). Crete The earliest civilization associated with Greece was on the island of Crete It is the largest island off mainland Greece

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Text of (2000 B.C.E - 1450 B.C.E.). Crete The earliest civilization associated with Greece was on the island...

  • (2000 B.C.E - 1450 B.C.E.)

  • CreteThe earliest civilization associated with Greece was on the island of Crete It is the largest island off mainland Greece.

  • KnossosThe famous Minoan civilization was discovered by Arthur Evans, He is an archeologist who discovered the remains of a palace at Knossos.

  • KnossosThis palace was thought to be the palace of King Minos alluded to in the writings of the ancient Greek historian Thucydides.

  • The throne room at KnossosThe Minoan civilization is named after King Minos who legend told, dominated a large part of the Aegean Sea with his powerful Navy.

  • The queens apartment at KnossosHis palace had over 800 rooms including apartments for the king & queen, a temple, workshops, and a school.

  • The Palace KnossosIt was also both government house & storehouse for taxes collected in the form of olive oil, wine, & grain. Cretans exported bronze utensils, olive oil, wine, and vases.

  • They had indoor plumbing with piped in water and flush toilets. This did not become common again for 3600 years.

  • They developed systems of writing - Linear A, and Linear B.These scripts were discovered on clay tablets by Evans.

  • The Palace KnossosThe palace was decorated with frescoes depicting scenes of nature, Minoan life, and entertainment such as boxing and bull-leaping.

  • The many roomed palace & images of bull-leaping may explain the Legend of the Minotaur.

  • The Legend of the MinotaurKing Minos demanded an annual tribute of seven youths and seven girls from Athens (mainland greece) to sacrifice to the Minotaur (Monsterous man-bull).This took place in a maze (the labyrinth).

  • A hero, Theseus, destroyed the bull with the help of the Kings daughter, Ariadne.She provided him with a magic sword and a chord to find his way out of the maze.

  • Minoans had trade with the mainland Greeks (Mycenaeans) so Greeks must have visited. Some might have participated in bull leaping rituals, and died.The Greeks eventually had a hand in destroying the Minoans culture and taking over their lands.

  • Minoans grew and prospered, but their civilization ended in 1450 B.C.E. A volcanic eruption on a nearby island may have been the cause. This may explain the legend of the lost continent of Atlantis.

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