1974-1980 Ford & Carter - MIT OpenCourseWare 1974-1980 Ford & Carter Ford & Carter. 17.471 American

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Text of 1974-1980 Ford & Carter - MIT OpenCourseWare 1974-1980 Ford & Carter Ford & Carter. 17.471 American

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 11

    19741974--19801980

    Ford & CarterFord & Carter

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 22

    TermsTerms

    Total Force

    Concept

    Persian Gulf

    Intermediate

    Range Nuclear

    Forces (INF)

    “Two-Track”

    Decision

    SALT II Vladivostok

    Accords

    Horn of Africa Carter Doctrine

    Rapid Deployment

    Force

    Countervailing

    strategy (PD-59)

    Human rights Neutron bomb

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 33

    Ford AdministrationFord Administration

    Emphasis on smooth Emphasis on smooth

    transition of powertransition of power

    Continuity of Nixon Continuity of Nixon

    National Security National Security

    PolicyPolicy

    KissingerKissinger

    SchlesingerSchlesinger (11/75)(11/75)

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 44

    EventsEvents

    Fall of South Vietnam Fall of South Vietnam (4/1975)(4/1975)

    Vladivostok AccordsVladivostok Accords

    Angola (1975)Angola (1975)

    MayaguezMayaguez Incident (1975)Incident (1975)

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 55

    Carter AdministrationCarter Administration

    19771977--19801980

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 66

    Carter National Security PolicyCarter National Security Policy

    Regional AccommodationRegional Accommodation

    Human RightsHuman Rights

    Reduced Defense SpendingReduced Defense Spending

    Deliberative PolicymakingDeliberative Policymaking

    NSC, State, Defense, Arms Control AgencyNSC, State, Defense, Arms Control Agency

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 77

    National Security InnovationsNational Security Innovations

    PDPD--5959

    “Total Force” Concept“Total Force” Concept

    New Theater Nuclear WeaponsNew Theater Nuclear Weapons

    Neutron BombNeutron Bomb

    Pershing II and GLCMPershing II and GLCM

    SALT IISALT II

    Camp David AccordsCamp David Accords

    Carter DoctrineCarter Doctrine

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 88

    EventsEvents

    Ethiopia (1978)Ethiopia (1978)

    Iran (1979)Iran (1979)

    Formal Diplomatic Relations with China Formal Diplomatic Relations with China

    (1979)(1979)

    SALT IISALT II

    Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (12/79)(12/79)

    Iran Hostage Rescue Mission (4/80)Iran Hostage Rescue Mission (4/80)

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 99

    Comparing National Security Comparing National Security

    PoliciesPolicies CarterNixon/FordKennedy/

    Johnson

    EisenhowerTruman

    Global

    Interdependence &

    World Order Politics

    Human Rights

    Carter Doctrine

    Nixon Doctrine

    Balance of Power

    Détente

    1 ½ war strategy

    Flexible Response

    2 ½ war strategy

    New Look

    Eisenhower

    Doctrine

    Containment

    (Kennan)

    Containment (NSC-

    68)

    Truman Doctrine

    Concepts

    &

    Principles

    Collaborative

    Diplomacy

    Arms Control

    Triangular

    Diplomacy

    Linkage

    Bilateral Arms

    Control

    Systems

    Analysis/PPBS

    Strategic &

    Conventional

    Balance

    Multilateral Arms

    Control

    Nuclear Weapons

    Budget Caps

    Alliances

    Economic Aid

    Military Equipment

    Tools

    Carter

    Brzezinsky

    Brown

    Vance

    Nixon/Ford

    Kissinger

    Schlesinger

    Kennedy/Johnson

    MacNamara

    Rusk

    Bundy

    Eisenhower

    Dulles

    Truman

    Kennan

    Marshall

    Key

    Decision

    makers

    Europe

    Japan

    Soviet Union

    China

    Vietnam

    Latin America

    Europe

    Vietnam

    Asia

    Middle East

    Europe

    Korea Country

    Focus

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 1010

    ENDEND

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 1111

    Fall of South VietnamFall of South Vietnam

    back

    (1975)(1975)

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 1212

    Horn of AfricaHorn of Africa

    back

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 1313

    AfricaAfrica

    back

  • SALT II (1979)

    2250 SNDV Limit 1320 MIRV’d SNDV Limit

    1200 MIRV’d ballistic missiles 820 MIRV’d ICBMs

    Bans Additional fixed ICBM launchers

    SALT II (1979)

    2250 SNDV Limit 1320 MIRV’d SNDV Limit

    1200 MIRV’d ballistic missiles 820 MIRV’d ICBMs

    Bans Additional fixed ICBM launchers Additional heavy ICBM launchersAdditional heavy ICBM launchers

    Mobile Heavy ICBMsMobile Heavy ICBMs

    Only 1 new ICBM test/deployment allowedOnly 1 new ICBM test/deployment allowed Light ICBMLight ICBM

    10 RV limit10 RV limit

    Limits SLBMS to 14 RVs or lessLimits SLBMS to 14 RVs or less

    17.471 American National Security Policy back 14

  • 17.471 American National Security Policy17.471 American National Security Policy 1515

    Iranian Hostage CrisisIranian Hostage Crisis

    back