Cornell University Libraru
1710.B25 1898Lives of the saints.
1924 026 082 689
Cornell University Library.
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3Ltt3e0 of ti)eREV.
SIXTEEN VOLUMESVOLUME THE SIXTEENTH
This Volume containsto
Sixteen Volumes of the work, one an INDEX of the SAINTS whose Lives are given, and the other u. Subject Index.the
ilttieg of tt)eBY THE
Revised with Introduction and Additional Lives ofEnglish Martyrs, Cornish and Welsh Saints,
to the Entire
ILLUSTRATED BY OVER
VOLUME THE SIXTEENTH
NEW YORK LONGMANS,MDCCCXCVIII
Ballantyne, Hanson &' Co.
At the Ballantyne Press
Brittany,in fact, only
Princes and Saints.
two years, and then, as the legend says, rather than become bishop, probably thinking to obtain a wider
field for his energies, fled to Armorica, where he disembarked in the island of Ouessant, at a port which he named
native place, Porz Ejenned (Port of the Oxen). His community consisted of twelve priests, twelve laymen of noble birth, nephews or cousins of the saint, all impatient to found tribes, and each taking with him wife
and clansmen and
their fortunes with their leader.
them a quantity of slaves and priests were saints, and foundedmemorial chapels erected overhis
All the twelveto
llan at a place in the island
called after him,
Lampaul, which is the principal village of the island. But the limits of Ouessant were too contracted for Paul's ardent spirit, and he crossed over to the mainland and founded another llan in a clearing of the forest, whereremains tothis
foundation of Lampaul-Ploudal-
same time one of his lay companions, named Pedr, founded a plou and established himself in amezan.thefortified caer thatstill
name, Ker-Ber, or the
castle of Peter.
But Paul could not remain quiet at this new station. on the move again, and now he went along the north coast in an easterly direction till he reached a Plou-Meinin, a rocky land colonised by some of the clansmen of Withur, whom he resolved on visiting,After two years he waspartly because he could not settle in his district withouthis consent,
he was aisle
cordingly boated over to the
Paul was wel-
he found engaged on making
Withur, who was now very much a copy of the Gospels. taken up with making his peace with God, made over the
96island of Batz
Lives of the Saints.to
Childebert to negotiate for him
on condition that he went to some political settlement. Finally Paul settled where is now
Pol de Leon, where he ruled as a true saint-prince over ten trefs or, as the monastic scribes translate them, tribes,the whole constituting one ecclesiastical principality, con-
terminous in later times with the diocese of L^on.
death of Withur without children his principality was absorbed into Domnonia, with the exception of that portion
which Paul had claimed and received by right of kinship tothe tiern or chief
later writers of the lives of
of the saints could not understand early systems of partition of lands,
and they make Paul go
receive the episcopate whilst with him, forced
and on him by
the king. The course of affairs was probably this. Paul, knowing well that Withur was without heirs, went to him and demanded as his right as a kinsman a large slice of his principality. Withur consented, acknowledging the right, but bade him get Childebert's consent. Paul visited Paris, and there the Frank king expressed his willingness to ratify the negotiation on condition of Paul's being made
bishop over theall
Paul did not see that
abbot kept his bishops on hisit
ordain, but according to his ideasto
offices in his
was quite unnecessary ; he might as well
constitute himself his
had been taught
by the Latin-Frank
he associated the idea of jurisdiction with episcopacy, as essential he persisted, and Paul acquiesced reluctantly. Again, another arrival from Gwent is to be noted, and;
about the same time
was the immigration of
Carenkinal and Arthmael.the latter as ecclesiastical
The former came as secular, chief. They landed, where hadAberIldut,
others, in the estuary of the
and there Plou-
colony planted byhis
This remained in the hands ofvisit
Carenkinal, and Arthmael went east to
countryman Paul, and see whether he could be useful to him, and perhaps also better himself. It is, however, possible that there may have been a quarrel between him and Carenkinal, and that the layman turned out the ecclesiastic. Such is the story as we have it, very fragmentary, of the colonisation of Lyonesse or Leon.
turn to that of Domnonia, that
the whole of the north coast from the river Keffleut or
Morlaix to the Couesnon at Pontorson, roughly speaking,of the present departments of C6tes-du-Nord and of the
northern portion of Ille-et-Vilaine.
vague and legendary.
so much, that before
as abbot of a monastery in the isle of Lauret, near that of
Brehat, and connected with
have been there unless he had powerful relatives establishedas secular chiefs near.
was doubtless a brother or son
of one of the
princes in Britain.
be confounded with his namesake. Bishop of Dol, who diedin 588.
In or about 460 one Fragan or Brychan, with his his sons, arrived in the bay of S. Brieuc
settled near the river Gouet,
and founded a plou
bears his name.
was a native of Gwent, andsettlements in Brittany.S.
grand-daughter of Aldroen or Alder, king or
son, Winwaloe, they to
Budoc, to be trained
become an ecclesiastical chieftain. Another arrival was Rhiwal, from Cardiganshire, at the head of a large body of clansmen, who landed where had Fragan, and who sought to establish themselves between the Gouet and the Urne in close proximity to Fragan, G VOL. XVI.4,
Lives of the Saints.nowS. Brieuc.
arrived in the
with at least sixty persons with him in
Brioc was probably from Ceredigion, the
present Cardiganshire; the date of his arrival was about 485.
Rhiwal received him favourably, and gave him land on which to settle, and when he died constituted him his successor,as they
consequently the whole of the colonyecclesiastical
land and tribesmenprincipality..
was converted into anprinceor
hear of a
bearing the same name, possibly the same man, Hoel ori.e. Rhi (the chief) Hywel, who lived between 511 and 520; but at precisely the same time we find a prince This Riwal is reported of the same name in Cornouaille. to have been son of Deroc, and to have had two brothers, Erbyn or Urbinian and Dinothus. Hoel of Cornouaille was the son of Budic I., who had been expelled from Armorica, and had taken refuge in Britai