12) S. Baring-Gould The Lives of the Saints Outubro 2

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CORNELLNIVERSITY LIBRARY

Cornell University Library

BR 1710.B25 1898V 12

Lives of the saints.

3

1924 026 082 648

Thetine

original of

tliis

book

is in

Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions intext.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924026082648

q5(

Lives of the Saints.As he was being thus

venerate sacred images.

led through

the streets, a fisherman, to curry favour with the emperor, orto exhibit hisspear,

own

hatred of the Orthodox, caught up hisit

fish-

and struck

into the right foot of the martyr, cuttingfell

through the veins so that hedeath.

on the spot and bled

to

His body wasfaitliful

secretly secured during the night,at a place called Crisis,

buried by thestantinople.

and near Con-

S.

REGULUS,(8th cent.)

B.

[Aberdeen Breviary, March 30 and Oct. 17. Camerarius, Dempster, and Adam King, in tlaeir Scottish Kalendars and Martyrologies. But the Irish Martyi-ologies have, Regulus of Mac-Inis in Dalgeis," on Oct. 1 6. Authority The Legend in the Aberdeen Breviary.]'' :

to the fable in the Aberdeen Breviary, S. Rule was a native of Patras in Achaia, in the reign of Constantius, who was entrusted with the guardianship of the relics of S. Andrew, the Apostle and Martyr. Now it suddenly occurred to the emperor that as some three hundred and odd years had elapsed since the martyrdom of this apostle, and no notice had been taken of it, it was high time that the city should be chastised for having been partaker in the murder of S. Andrew. Accordingly Constantius prepared an army and marched against Patras. Then Regulus was visited by an angel in the night, who bade him carry off three fingers of the right hand, an arm-bone, one tooth, a knee-cap, and escape with these valuable rehcs to a place which the angel would indicate.

According

or Regulus

Regulus accordingly opened the shrine of the apostle, and

made

off with

such bones as he was bidden take.till

He'

ram-

bled on and on, across Britain,ijJ(

*Oct, 17.]

;

^455

S. Regulus.

stands the city of S. Andrew's, in Scotland, and there the

angel appeared to him again, and bade him deposit hisprecious burden.S.

Regulus settled there, and began tobishop of the See ofS.

preach to the Picts and Scots, and having been ordainedbishop,

became the

first

Andrew's.

was greatly assisted by King Hung, apparently an historical character, who fixes the date of S. Rule ; for Hung, King of the Picts, is, no doubt, Angus MacFergus, who defeated the Dalriadans. After the battle he founded S.Andrew's, a.d. 741.^

He

The MS. inthis, S.

oldest form of the legend

is

found in the Colbertine

the Bibliothfeque Nationale at Paris.

According to

Andrew, after preaching to the northern nations, the Scythians and Picts, received in charge the district of Achaia, with the city of Patras, and was there crucified that his bones remained there till the time of Constantine the Great, and his sons Constantius and Constans, for 270 years, when they were removed to Constantinople, where they remained Not a word is till the reign of the Emperor Theodosius.;

said therein of S. Regulus, but S.

Andrew is made an apostle The custodian who runs off with the relics occurs, but his name is not given. It is possible that there may have been a Riaghail abbot or bishop at S. Andrew's, who may have procured the relics,of the Picts.or bones which he was pleased to consider as relics, of S.

Andrew, but nothingin Latin Regulus,

Riaghail, historical is known of him. Abbot of Mincinis in Lough Derry, who is

commemoratedabout 788.2

in the Irish martyrologies on Oct. 16, died

I

He is the Unuist of Simeon of Durham, the Oeng of the continuer of Bede. He reigned between 731 and 761. He defeated the Britons of Alclyde in 750 and made alliance with the Northumbrian king Eadbert in 756. 2 See for further particulars Skene's "Notice of the Early Eccl. Settlements at;

St,

Andrew's," in.the Proceedings of the Scottish Antiq. Soc.

vol. iv.

Ij(

-_

^

;

456

Lives of the Saints.

[Oct. 17.

S.

HEDWIG, W.(a.d. 1243.)

[Roman and Germanshortly after her death.]

Martyi-ologies.

Authority:

A

Life written

Berthold XL, Count of Andechs, Marquis of Istria, Duke of Dalmatia and Meran, by his wife Agnes of RochBerthold, litz had four sons, Egbert, Bishop of Bamberg Patriarch of Aquileja Henry, who succeeded to the marquisate of Istria Otho I. who inherited the ducliy of Meran,; ;;

and three daughters, S. Hedwig, the subject of this memoir; Agnes, who became the wife of PhiUp Augustus of France and Gertrude, who married Andrew King of Hungary, to

whomS.

she bore

S.

Elizabeth.in 11 74, educated at Kitzingen,

Hedwig was born

and

married at the age of twelve to Henry L,

Duke

of Silesia.

She became the mother of three sons, Boleslas, Conrad, and Henry, and of three daughters, Agnes, Sophia, and Gertrude.Gertrude became and Sophia died early. Abbess of Trebnitz. Under the notion that it was pleasing to God that sheBoleslas, Agnes,

should treat her husband with icy coldness, she avoided hissociety

by every means

in her power, never

would speakto

with him privately, or associate with him, except to keep up

appearances, in public. address any words to him,half of

Whenever she condescendedit

was to ask

for his charity in be-

some convent or pauper, or to give him moral advice, and then, not unless there were at least two witnesses present to testify that no word of affection had passed betweenForthirty years she

them.castle,

occupied a different part of the

so as to be wholly

removed from

his society,

and

4^

*

;

!

;

^462fully to conceal

.

)J(

Lives of the Saints.

roct.17.

them, were often seen by her servants."fours in the

As

she went on

all

hands also suffered

snow from chaps and

to say her prayers, herchilblains.

Her son Henry remonstrated withwould not sleepthe mattress;

her, but all in vain

she delighted in going in rags and starving herself.in

Sheover

her bed without

planksill,

laid

once only, when she waslie

did her servants

succeed in rnaking her

aware of

it,

she had

it

on a feather-bed ; as soon as she was removed. She would hear as many

masses as possible every day, and no priest could come tocourt

whom' '

she did not insist on celebrating before her.clerk

Whereupon a certain

made on the

subject

some

lines

:

Plenty of priests and plenty of masses

A mass a day will never suffice A duchess who saints of old surpasses,Andzeal to melt a

mountain of

ice.''

One daymass beforea

the duchess sent

her chaplain

named

Martin,

afterwards canon of Wratislaw, to find her a priest to say aher.

He

went away indo,"

ill

humour, and finding

man"

with a bald patch on the top of his head, said to him-

self,

This fellow

will

duchess.

But she began

to question the

out that he was not a priest

and brought him before the man. and found at all. She dismissed him, and

only gently rebuked her chaplain.

the

She used to be dreadfully frightened at thunderstorms, and moment she heard the first rumble sent for a priest, and

having knelt down,till

made him hold

his

hands over her head

the thunderstorm rolled away, beheving that the lightning

could not strike her through the consecrated palms.

When

the storm was over, she covered with kisses the hands which

had shielded her. She had a great number of images of saints and reHcs in her room, and when she went to church all her images and relics were carried with her, and arranged round her in a

*

*

^Oct17.]

S.

Hedwig.

463

she prayed, to stimulate her devotions. If she saw two pieces of straw in the road across one another, she fell on her knees before them in adoration, kissed them, and removed them to a place where the sacred sign of the Crosscircle as

could not be trampled on.

From continuous kneeling she got two hard lumps on her knees as big as eggs, " But," says her biographer, " she hidthis treasure, so that it

except to a few of her attendants.love did the friend of

was not known till after her death, With these pledges of

God

appear before her Beloved,

adorned with these

pearls, to wit, the

hard lumps on her

knees and the chaps in her hands and

feet."

There was an old washerwoman who washed for her. Hedwig discovered that she was ignorant of the Lord's Prayer. She therefore took her in hand. The old body had a bad memory, but the duchess went on patiently instructing her durin