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1 Schizophrenia Module 39. 2 3 Psychological Disorders Schizophrenia overview  Symptoms of Schizophrenia  Onset and Development of Schizophrenia 

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Text of 1 Schizophrenia Module 39. 2 3 Psychological Disorders Schizophrenia overview  Symptoms of...

  • *Schizophrenia

    Module 39

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  • *Psychological DisordersSchizophrenia overviewSymptoms of SchizophreniaOnset and Development of SchizophreniaUnderstanding Schizophrenia

  • *SchizophreniaThe literal translation is split mind which refers to a split from reality. A group of severe disorders characterized by the following:Disorganized and delusional thinking.

    Disturbed perceptions.

    Inappropriate emotions and actions.

    Link 58:42

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  • The proverb testProverbs like "birds of a feather flock together" or "a rolling stone gathers no moss" will be explained in a literal fashion by a schizophrenic

    i.e. a stone that is rolling can't get moss on it because it's moving.*

  • *Symptoms of SchizophreniaPositive symptoms: the presence of inappropriate behaviors (hallucinations, disorganized or delusional talking)Negative symptoms: the absence of appropriate behaviors (expressionless faces, rigid bodies)

    Sapolsky vid. 23:16 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nEnklxGAmak Dr. Saplolsky describes a Masai Schizophrenic

    4 Schizophrenics 9:23http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWaFqw8XnpA

  • *Other forms of delusions include, delusions of persecution (someone is following me) or grandeur (I am a king).Disorganized & Delusional ThinkingThis morning when I was at Hillside [Hospital], I was making a movie. I was surrounded by movie stars Im Mary Poppins. Is this room painted blue to get me upset? My grandmother died four weeks after my eighteenth birthday.(Sheehan, 1982)This monologue illustrates fragmented, bizarre thinking with distorted beliefs called delusions (Im Mary Poppins).Link Gerald 8:12Part 2 7:11Female Schizophrenic

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  • Spree Killers are schizophrenic?Most killing sprees are committed by individuals who suffer from psychosis, not psychopathy. Recall that psychosis is a fragmentation of the thinking processes in the brain that leads to symptoms like hallucinations and delusions.Kent A. Kiehl PhD*

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  • *3 Jesuses walk into amental hospitalthis is not a joke.I must not be JesusYou guys are crazy, I am JesusHuh?

  • *Disorganized & Delusional ThinkingMany psychologists believe disorganized thoughts occur because of selective attention failure (fragmented and bizarre thoughts).

  • Great book about a girl whose friend turns schizophrenic while they are backpacking in China.*

  • *Disturbed PerceptionsA schizophrenic person may perceive things that are not there (hallucinations). Most such hallucinations are auditory and lesser visual, somatosensory, olfactory, or gustatory.L. Berthold, Untitled. The Prinzhorn Collection, University of HeidelbergAugust Natter, Witches Head. The Prinzhorn Collection, University of HeidelbergPhotos of paintings by Krannert Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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  • *schizophrenics can tickle themselves because of a problem with their timing that does not allow their motor actions and resulting sensations to be correctly sequenced.

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  • A 20th-century artist, Louis Wain, who was fascinated by cats, painted these pictures over a period of time in which he developed schizophrenia.

    The pictures mark progressive stages in the illness and exemplify what it does to the victim's perception.

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  • *Inappropriate Emotions & ActionsA schizophrenic person may laugh at the news of someone dying or show no emotion at all (flat affect).Patients with schizophrenia may continually rub an arm, rock a chair, or remain motionless for hours (catatonia).Childhood schizophrenia at 20/20 9:18

  • *Onset and Development of SchizophreniaNearly 1 in a 100 suffer from schizophrenia, and throughout the world over 24 million people suffer from this disease (WHO, 2002).Schizophrenia strikes young people as they mature into adults. It affects men and women, but men suffer from it more severely than women.

  • Schizophrenia: CourseGroup 330% have repeated episodes of illness with some impairment between episodesGroup 225% have repeated episodes of illness with no impairment between episodesGroup 115% have only a single episode of illness with no subsequent impairmentGroup 430% have repeated episodes of illness with gradually declining impairment between episodes

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  • *Chronic and Acute SchizophreniaWhen schizophrenia is slow to develop (chronic/process) recovery is doubtful. Such schizophrenics usually display negative symptoms.When schizophrenia rapidly develops (acute/reactive) recovery is better. Such schizophrenics usually show positive symptoms.

  • *Understanding SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a disease of the brain exhibited by the symptoms of the mind.Dopamine Overactivity: Researchers found that schizophrenic patients express higher levels of dopamine D4 receptors in the brain.

    Drugs that block these sites help schizophrenic patients.Brain Abnormalities

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    Antipsychotic DrugsGeneric NameTrade NameCommentsAripiprazoleAbilifyNew antipsychotic medication that may work on dopamine and serotonin systems.ChlorpromazineThorazineThe first antipsychotic medication developed ChlorprothixeneTaractanClozapineClozarilDoes not have "tardive dyskinesia" (see below, side effects) as a side effect, but there is a 1-2% chance of developing a low white blood cell countFluphenazineProlixinA phenothiazine type drugHaloperidolHaldolLoxapineLoxantaneNOT a phenothiazine type drugMesoridazineSerentilMolindoneMobanOlanzapineZyprexaBlocks serotonin and dopamine receptorsPerphenazineTrilafonQuetiapineSeroquelBlocks some serotonin and dopamine receptors; Introduced in 1997RisperidoneRisperdalBlocks some serotonin and dopamine receptorsThioridazineMellarilAlso used as a tranquilizerThiothixeneNavaneTrifluoperazineStelazineAlso used to control anxiety and nausea

  • *Abnormal Brain ActivityBrain scans show abnormal activity in the frontal cortex, thalamus, and amygdala of schizophrenic patients. Paul Thompson and Arthur W. Toga, UCLA Laboratory of Neuro Imaging and Judith L. Rapport, National Institute of Mental Health

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  • *Abnormal Brain MorphologySchizophrenia patients may exhibit morphological changes in the brain like enlargement of fluid-filled ventricles.Both Photos: Courtesy of Daniel R. Weinberger, M.D., NIH-NIMH/ NSC

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  • *Risk Factors - Viral InfectionSchizophrenia has also been observed in individuals whose mothers contracted a viral infection (flu) during the middle of their fetal development.

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  • *Genetic FactorsThe likelihood of an individual suffering from schizophrenia is 50% if their identical twin has the disease (Gottesman, 2001).

  • *James D. Laird and Nicholas S. Thompson, Psychology. Copyright 1992 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Reprinted by permission.Genetics and the Risk of Schizophrenia

  • *This gene doubles your risk

  • *Genetic FactorsThe following shows the prevalence of schizophrenia in identical twins as seen in different countries.

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  • *Psychological FactorsPsychological and environmental factors can trigger schizophrenia if the individual is genetically predisposed (Nicol & Gottesman, 1983).Genain SistersThe genetically identical Genainsisters suffer from schizophrenia.Courtesy of Genain Family

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    Module 39 02 20 15*Online link: http://mcsold1.monet.k12.ca.us/schools/TeacherWebsite/7-12/Garber.B/AP%20Psychology/Mod%2039%20Schizophrenia/39%20AP%20Schizophrenia.pptA talk by a schizophrenica bit dryhttp://www.ted.com/talks/elyn_saks_seeing_mental_illness.html

    4 in 10 Schizophrenic patients attempt suicide.From Quirk

    Module 39 02 20 15See my other products at my store on Teachers Pay Teachershttp://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Brian-Garber

    My online activities for Abnormal Psychologyhttp://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Online-Activities-for-Abnormal-Psychology-1236965

    Module 39 02 20 15*Module 39 02 20 15Module 39 02 20 15*Module 39 02 20 15Module 39 02 20 15*Mnemonic for types of schizophrenia

    Dr. Cup treats schizophreniaDisorganizedResidualCatatonicundifferentiatedParanoid

    Sequential thinking is impaired

    39 20. Which of the following is most characteristic of individuals with chronic schizophrenia? (AP94)(A) Extreme mood swings(B) Disordered thinking(C) Profound sadness(D) Unaccountable loss of body function(E) Loss of memory

    16. Delusional thinking is central to which of the following? (AP13)(A) Fugue states(B) Panic attacks(C) Schizophrenic disorders(D) Dissociative disorders(E) Affective disorders

    37 6. Distrust of others is symptomatic of (AP94)(A) Mania(B) Dementia(C) Catatonia(D) Paranoia(E) hebephrenia Module 39 02 20 15AM World of Abnormal Psychology9. The Schizophrenias In emotionally moving interviews, this program visits people who suffer from the hallucinations, paranoia, and psychological disarray of these disabling illnesses. In addition to examining symptoms and treatments, the program helps debunk some of the myths associated with the disorder and shows its human side and the strength of those who fight to overcome it.

    http://www.learner.org/resources/series60.htmlhttp://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=788

    Module 39 02 20 15*Module 39 02 20 15The next trouble is with abstraction - is this literal? A parable? A rumor? Schizophrenics are terrible at this; they tend to take things more concretely than they should. For example, if

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