" الماء شأن الجميع " Water is everybody's business

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" الماء شأن الجميع " Water is everybody's business. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. حاكمية المياه: القانون والإنفاذ . Water Governance: Water Law and Enforcement . Outline. I. IWRM and water governance . II.Elements of good (ground) water governance. III. Why do we need a (ground) water law. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of " الماء شأن الجميع " Water is everybody's business

  • *" "Water is everybody's business. Water Governance: Water Law and Enforcement :

  • *Outline II.Elements of good (ground) water governance I.IWRM and water governance IV.The Water Law (33/ 2002)III. Why do we need a (ground) water lawV. Status on enforcement

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    ) (Enabling Environment)) (Institutional Roles)) (Management Tools)

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  • *) (Management Tools)5) 5-1) 5-2) 5-3) 6) ( )6-1) 6-2) 6-3) 6-4) 7) : (equity)7-1) 7-2) 7-3) 7-4) 8) : 8-1) 8-2)

  • *What do we need a groundwater law for? What can the groundwater law do?

    To implement the water policy.To establish mechanism to regulate access to (and abstractions from) ground waterEstablish a permit system for exploration and abstraction (to keep track of abstractions, secure and protect the water rights, regulate access to the resource,..) Set rules for well construction (design specifications, public health issues, ,.)Recognize and register existing uses, wells & rightsSet in place economic instruments and principles such as water charges, cost recovery, user pays principle,..Regulate drilling profession (licenses) for benefit of resource protectionSet specifications and standards for various aspects of groundwater development and use: quality, well-drilling, water-use, etc..To promote water use efficiency (thru allocation priorities, incentives) To promote recycling/ reuse of wastewater, disclamation and other non-conventional sources

  • *To promote appropriate economic instruments e.g., financial incentives To mandate metering of abstractions To provide for enforcementTo enable/ regulate artificial recharge For pollution controlFor EIA enforcementTo introduce planning procedures and coordination mechanismsEstablish protected areas around groundwater well-fields/certain aquifersTo provide for control of land useTo set institutional arrangement for planning and management assign responsibilities (lead planning institution, guiding principles such as demand management, public participation, .)Set fines and penalties for violations which cause damage to the resources What do we need a groundwater law for? What can the groundwater law do?

  • *Requirements for successful Implementation of LawLegislation should beFlexible enough and enablingSimpleImplementable and enforceableAcceptable to users and stakeholdersSimple institutional arrangements for implementation

  • *Institutional DimensionNational level: WR Ministry or Authority Coordination mechanism (Council, Committee, Commission)Intermediate level (regional, basin, etc.)Groundwater Management Committees depending on aquifer sizeLocal AuthoritiesWUG/ WUAs

    Requirements for successful Implementation of Law

  • *International LevelCooperate inGroundwater monitoring (joint or coordinated programmes)Data sharing (common databases)Development of management strategiesAquifer planning (development and protection)Harmonization of national legislation: Common principles.Consultation on planned measures: prior notificationPossibly: a joint institution for resource management.

    Requirements for successful Implementation of Law

  • *Only 2 out of 10 best practice groundwater governance elements exist, the remaining ones are being pursed to differing degrees.Elements of Good (Ground) Water Governance

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