Introduction to Permaculture

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A look inot the histroy of Permaculture adn its roots. Then a look into the state of the world very briefly. Following that an examination of each of the principles laid out by Bill Mollison in the book Introduction to Permaculture. Finally ending with a few pictures that provide looks into Permaculture Management techniques reflecting these design principles.

Text of Introduction to Permaculture

  • 1.Permaculture Design

2. What is Permaculture? " Though the problems of the world are increasingly complex, the solutions remain embarrassingly simple. By Bill Mollison 3. Permaculture is the harmoniousintegrationof all life kingdoms into agriculturally productive ecosystems and socially just environments, producing sound economic consequences. Its a design science reflectingpatternsin Nature that seeks to buildinterconnectionsallowing for energy efficiency andabundanceof yield. 4. The Design Process 5. Bill Mollison and David Holmgren 1978 Landmark publicationPermaculture Onebegins movement 6. Bills Inspirations 7. Huge Monocultures No Diversity- Globalization 8. FOREST 9. FIELD 10. PLOW 11. DESERT 12. Which way will we go?? 13. Design Science A beneficial assembly of components in their proper relationships 14. 15. 16. 17. In commerce 18. zones ...the greatest change we need to make is from consumption to production, even if on a small scale, in our own gardens. If only 10% of us do this, there is enough for everyone. Hence the futility of revolutionaries who have no gardens, who depend on the very system they attack, and who produce words and bullets, not food and shelter." - Bill Mollison 19. 20. Permaculture Principles 21. Relative Location-Making Interrelationships 22. Multiple Functions for Every Element Mulberry Tree: ShadeForage Food Nutrient absorber Protection Soil Builder Entertainment 23. Multiple Elements for Every Function ( slow and sink water) Rain Garden Rain Cisterns 24. SWALES Swales are water harvesting ditches and mounds oncontour . 25. Chinampas: Reconstructed Wetlands Ditch and Mound Increase land increase water Increase productivity 26. Contour Hedgerow 27. DAMS GABIONS 28. Keyline Design 29. GreyWater 30. Energy Efficient Planning 31. zones Zone- Placing Elements in our Design based on Intensity of Use 32. Sector Analysis - Mapping wild, oncoming energies Wind(Summer and Winter) Sun (Summer and Winter) NoisePollutionView Wildlife Fire 33. 34. Nitrogen Fixing Plants 35. Bacteria nodules growing on roots of Nitrogen Fixing plant

  • Fungus is the glue of the soil.
  • 90% of plants have an association with a mychorrizal fungi

36. 37. Use of Biological Resources Chicken Tractor Weeding Fertilizing Tilling 38. 39.

  • Dill- Umbelliferous Family
  • Daisy-Aster Family with Lady Bugs

Biological Resources- Beneficial Insects 40. Energy Cycling Source To Sink 41. 42. Small Scale Intensive 20 millionVictory Gardens in 1943 They were producing41%of the vegetables being consumed in the USA 43. Food Not Lawns A house with two cars, a dog, and a lawn uses more resources and energy than a village of 2000 Africans. 44. 45. Diversity Natural Forest Forest Gardening 46. Forest Gardening 47. Avocado-CanopyComfrey-Herbaceous Elderberry-Sub Canopy 48. Currants-Shrub LayerSunchoke-Rhizosphere Purslane-Ground CoverPassion Fruit- Vine 49. Time and Plant Stacking 50. Time and Plant Stacking 51. Time and Plant Stacking 52. 53. Time and Plant Stacking 54. Time and Plant Stacking 55. Time and Plant Stacking 56. Time and Plant Stacking 57. Time and Plant Stacking 58. Time and Plant Stacking 59. Time and Plant Stacking 60. Accelerating Succession 61. Orchard with swale and N2 fixers 62. Edible Landscaping-Diversity Calcium levels about ten times as much as banana or apple Paw Paw- Asimina triloba 63. Edible Landscaping Corneilian Cherry-Cornus mas High Vitamin C Content 64. Edible Landscaping Saskatoon Berry-Amelanchier alnifolia Higher levels of protein, fat, and fiber than most other fruit 65. Edible Landscaping Black Chokeberry-Aronia melanocarpa Remarkable high antioxidant activity 66. Edible Landscaping Hardy kiwi-Actinidia polygama Rich in AntioxidantsVitamin E content twice that of Avocado and 60% of calories 67. 68. Guild design 69. Edge Effect 70. Edge Effect 71. Protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor Least Change for Greatest Affect 72. Dont fight the weeds, grow the weeds !

  • Cover Cropping

73.

  • Mulching

Feeds Soil Organisms Regulates Soil Temperature and Humidity Protects from Erosion 74. Tree Crops 75.

  • Urban Permaculture

76. 77. The Design Process