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Who Am I? Inventions – Then and Now
• Go through each slide – check out the new school inventions – than fill in the old!
• To provide an inflatable, comfortable place to sleep anywhere – even your office
• Purpose: To provide protection using the barking of a scary dog – without actually having to own a dog
• As attractive as it is useful, the AMM contains moisture grabbing paper inserts that capture the dampness of your exhales and releases the same moisture back to you as you inhale. Simple, elegant and especially useful if you are seated next to a chatty Cathy, since your new Hannibal Lecter look will silence more than just the lambs.
• This dimple producing device has a rounded tip made of either ivory, marble or India rubber. To produce the dimple, simply press the Dimple Drill's tip on the desired dimple lacking area and turn the knob, rotating the dull tip on your face, like a drill. The inventor says it may also be used to nurture and maintain already existing dimples. Does it work? As a wise Sage must have said at some time... "getting a dimple is not as simple as a pimple".
• The concept is simple,; separate your dry cereal from your wet milk until right before you eat it for true "just in time" delivery. To use; fill the base of the milk bowl with sand (#21) to counter the weight of the cereal in the upper bowl (#23). Now urge an appropriate amount of cereal down the chute (#14) to the awaiting milk in the lower bowl (#22) and eat. Continue to urge and eat while keeping your Rice Krispy and your Cap'ns Crunch.
What am I? Old SchoolChoose from the following…
• Find the picture and fill in the function for each blank
• Old school inventions….
Let’s see what you got right!
• Power mills by using water
• Water Frame
Take the Cotton Seeds out
• Cotton Gin
Spin thread to make cloth powered by water
• Water- Powered Loom
Plow through the soil using steel
• Steel Plow
Communicate by using Morse code
Powered a loom by using a spinning wheel
• Spinning Jenny
Sews clothes together
• Sewing Machine
Mows wheat and grain faster
• Mechanical Reaper
Winds of Change
A New way of thinking
• In the mid to late 1700s a series of new ideas and inventions transformed the way people did things. One idea was the establishment of a capitalist system with a free market economy.We can totally handle
This deal by ourselves!
We have rights!
• In a capitalist system, people have the right to own property, become entrepreneurs (work and own a business), and make profits with little or no government interference. Stay out of my
Business I got this!
I want to be RICH!
• People with capital, or money to invest in business in order to make a profit are called capitalists.
Wait no one dies?
• A new revolution began to sweep across the United States in the late 1700s. This revolution had no battles or bloodshed.
• Instead, it was a long, slow process that completely changed the way goods were produced. It was known as the Industrial Revolution.
Well that’s WAY cheaper!
• Goods that were once made by hand were now made by machines, which allowed for increase of production at a cheaper cost.
You live so close!
• The Industrial Revolution not only changed the way goods were made it also affected the way people lived and worked.
We have a great idea!
• The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain and was triggered by a series of inventions that transformed the way things were made.
Oh yeah!We started this
Oh look what I made!
• In 1764, James Hargreaves developed the spinning jenny.
• The spinning jenny made it easier to make thread. A worker could make many threads at once, not just one thread as on the spinning wheel.
That was way too slow!
• Richard Arkwright took this process one step further. He invented a machine that could spin one hundred spindles of thread, but it required a lot of energy to run this machine by hand so he invented a water frame
• The water frame used fast moving rivers or streams to push a wheel attached to a cog system to power the spindles to make the threads.
Let’s Use Both!
• After the threads were made they had to be woven. A loom was needed for this process. Edmund Cartwright built a water-powered loom. Using this new machine a worker could produce 200 times more cloth.
• These power looms transformed the textile industry and provided new job opportunities for young women. The only draw back for these mills was that they had to be located on the water. More jobs for me!
Shhhh! Don’t Tell!
• Great Britain kept their inventions secret and passed laws forbidding anyone from sharing their factory secrets
TOO BAD! Thanks to my awesome memory!
• In 1789, Samuel Slater, a mechanic memorized the plans of one of the mills he worked in and after traveling to the United States, was hired by Moses Brown to build a factory.
• On December 20, 1790, the first American spinning factory opened in Rhode Island. Once the mill proved successful, hundreds of northern capitalists built factories and hired hundreds of workers to run the machines.
We’re all in this together…
• Bringing workers and machines together in one place to produce goods is known as the factory system.
• Instead of spinning and weaving in their homes, people went to work in the factories. In factories, everyone had to work a certain number of hours each day.
• Workers were paid daily or weekly wages. From this point on machines replaced hand-made items.
• Eli Whitney a young man from Massachusetts invented two things that changed the course of history. In 1793, Whitney invented the cotton gin.
Not an easy task…
• This machine was created to clean the cotton of its seeds.
A Demand grows!
• Before the cotton gin it took lots slaves many hours to hand clean the cotton. As factories grew in the North the demand for raw cotton grew. We need
That cotton!Hurry Up!
• Southern cotton growers could not keep up with the demand.
We need thatCOTTON!
We can’tKeep up!
I can solve the problem!
• A Georgia plantation owner had hired Whitney to tutor his children, but when he learned of the problems facing the planter, he put his mind into inventing the cotton gin.
That is WAY easier
• The cotton gin was simple, but its effects were enormous. A worker using the gin could do the work of a 1,000 people cleaning cotton by hand. Now the North
Won’t be mad Anymore!
• Because of the gin,planters could now grow more cotton at huge profits. With the profits planters bought more land and slaves. Cotton became “king” in the south.
That is wasting time…
• In the early 1800s, Whitney came up with an idea that transformed the way goods were produced. Parts to machines and guns were still being made by hand.
This takes forever!
• If a part broke on a machine or a gun the part had to be hand-made. This took forever and was costly.
• Whitney wanted to create a way to build machines to make parts that were exactly alike, so that when a part broke it could be easily replaced. He developed interchangeable parts as a way to solve this problem.
Faster and Cheaper!• The idea of interchangeable parts spread rapidly. Machines were designed to make parts for everything. Before long, goods were being produced faster and cheaper than they ever had been before.
• Whitney did not know it, but he also introduced the idea of mass production, the manufacture of goods in large amounts.
• Whitney fueled the fire for more inventions to be created. Several inventions were made to make farming easier. John Deere invented a lightweight plow made of steel.
• In 1831, Cyrus McCormick invented a mechanical reaper. A reaper was a horse-drawn machine that mowed wheat and other grains.
Thank you Eli Whitney…
• A reaper could cut 28 times more grain that a single man could by hand. Using interchangeable parts, McCormick built a reaper factory in Chicago where he produced several thousand reapers a year.
We can make thoseReally fast for you!
Farming is way different now
• By making it easier to plant and harvest large quantities of grain with fewer farm workers Deere and McCormick revolutionized farming.
Sowing by hand is way harder
• Elias Howe changed the way clothing was made. Howe invented the sewing machine. Clothing makers bought hundreds of them.
• Workers could make dozens of jackets faster than a tailor could sew one by hand. The sewing machine was one of many new inventions that changed life in the North after 1820.
• In 1840, Samuel Morse patented his “talking wire” or telegraph. The telegraph was a device that sent electrical signals along a wire.
• The signals were based on a code of dots, dashes, and spaces and were called Morse code. Morse’s invention was an instant success.
• Businesses especially gained from being able to send messages over long distances in minutes. Using the telegraph,factory owners, merchants, and farmers could access information about supply, demand and prices of goods in different areas.
• Steam power was invented in England and traveled across the Atlantic to the United States. This invention changed the way machines were powered and revolutionized transportation.
Now we can travel!
• The first railroads were built in the early 1800s. The first steam powered engine traveled at 30 miles per hour, an amazing speed for the time
This is good for everyone!
• In just a few short years railroads were linking eastern cities to western markets. Railroads boosted business in the United States
• This was especially true for northern manufacturers who supported the building of more rail lines to increase business.
Oh yeah this isGreat for our
And now weCan ship
We can use that in the water too!
• To increase trade outside of the United States steam powered boats were invented. These vessels carried more cargo and traveled faster than ships with sails. The steamship helped open markets all over the world for American traders.
• Factory owners soon realized that steam power could be used to run machines. Steam powered machines were powerful and cheap to run. Steam power also allowed factory owners to build factories almost anywhere, not just alongside swift-flowing rivers or streams.
Use steam in theFactories!
• Anyone touring the northern part of the United States was impressed with the burst of industry there with all the textile factories, shipyards, and iron mills. Northern industry grew steadily during the 1800’s. That growth was largely due to new methods, inventions, and developments.
Wow HoneyThe North is
So lets break it down…(don’t write this
down!)• The NORTH has FACTORIES
• The South has LAND
• Are they Different?• When things are NOT the SAME it tends to
cause CONFLICT• Remember that for later
• Fill in the last 2 questions
• 1. HOW are they similar
• 2. Fill-in the freyer Model
• NO LINKS
• JUST 4th 6 weeks..