The 2014 Gender-GEDI Results

  • Published on
    22-May-2015

  • View
    204

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

This presentation provides an overview of the 2014 Gender-Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) results

Transcript

<ul><li> 1. Outline Background Gender-GEDI structure 2014 Gender-GEDI results Conclusion and further steps R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID </li></ul> <p> 2. Entrepreneurial performance is driven by a complex dynamic between Attitudes, Aspirations and Activities System components co-produce system performance System performance may be held back by bottleneck factors Activity is embedded in a countrys institutional context, which regulates individual-level actions and outcomes Source: Acs, Autio &amp; Szerb (2013) Attitudes Aspirations Activities Productive Resource Allocation through Entrepreneurship National Systems of Entrepreneurship R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 3. The Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) Individuals + Institutions R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 4. Gender-GEDI 2014 structure 3 sub-indices/ 15 pillars/ 30 variables 5 P15: External Financing 1st tier financing 3rd tier financing P14: Internationalization Exporting Focus Globalization P13: High Growth Business Gazelles Leadership P12: Process Innovation New Technology R&amp;D Expenditure Pillar 11: Product Innovation New Product Technology Transfer Sub-index 2: Entrepreneurial Eco-system Sub-index 1: Entrepreneurial Environment Sub-index 3: Entrepreneurial Aspirations Pillar 1: Opportunity Perception Opportunity Perception Equal Rights &amp; Market size P2: Start up Skills Perception of Skills Secondary Education P9: Competition Innovativeness Market Monopolization P7: Technology Sector Technology Sector Business Tech Absorption Pillar 6: Opportunity Start up Opportunity Business Bus Freedom &amp; Movement P5: Cultural Support Executive Status Access to Childcare P4: Networking Know an Entrepreneur Access to Internet &amp; Networks P3: Willingness and Risk Willingness to start Business Risk P10: Gender Gaps Entrepreneurship Ratio Labor Force Parity P8: Quality of Human Resources Highly Educated Owners SME Support and Training )R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 5. Gender-GEDI 2014 coverage R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID Total female population covered 2.3 billion women 66% Total GDP covered $53 trillion 75% 6. High potential female entrepreneurs are Education Legal rights Finance Networks Attitudes Business-friendly environment 1. Innovative 2. Export oriented 3. Market expanding And benefit from R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 7. New research perspective: Female entrepreneurship occurs on a continuum Gender-GEDI focus Reluctant entrepreneurs &amp; Resistant non- entrepreneurs Potential &amp; Promising entrepreneurs Die-hard &amp; Privileged entrepreneurs R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID Source: R. Aidis (2014) 8. 2014 Gender-GEDI 73% of countries score less than 50 out of 100 The fundamental conditions for high potential female entrepreneurship development are generally lacking in the majority of countries. R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 9. Higher per capita GDP does not equate higher Gender-GEDI 2014 scores R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID Chile #6 Turkey #18 - 19Nigeria #23 Pakistan #30 UK #7 USA # 1 R = 0.6831 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 Gender-GEDIscores GDP per capita (2005 constant international $) 10. R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 11. The overall Gender-GEDI 2014 rankings Rank Country Score Rank Country Score Rank Country Score 1 USA 83 11-13 S. Africa 42 21 Malaysia 32 2 Australia 80 11-13 Korea 42 22 Jamaica 30 3 Sweden 73 11-13 China 42 23 Nigeria 29 4-5 France 67 14-15 Peru 40 24-25 Morocco 27 4-5 Germany 67 14-15 Japan 40 24-25 Ghana 27 6 Chile 55 16 Panama 39 26 India 26 7 UK 54 17 Thailand 38 27-28 Uganda 19 8 Poland 51 18-19 Turkey 36 27 -28 Egypt 19 9 Spain 49 18-19 Russia 36 29 Bangladesh 17 10 Mexico 43 20 Brazil 35 30 Pakistan 11 12R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 12. Top ranking countries Good overall business environments Priority: Activate and accelerate the growth of high-potential women entrepreneurs through targeted programs 1 The United States 83 2 Australia 80 3 Sweden 73 4-5 France 67 4-5 Germany 67 6 Chile 55 7 United Kingdom 54 8 Poland 51 R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 13. Moderate ranking 922 Priority: Strengthen current womens enterprise development interventions Improve the business- enabling environment 9 Spain 49 10 Mexico 43 11-13 South Africa 42 11-13 South Korea 42 11-13 China 42 14-15 Peru 40 14-15 Japan 40 16 Panama 39 17 Thailand 38 18-19 Turkey 36 18-19 Russia 36 20 Brazil 35 21 Malaysia 32 22 Jamaica 30 R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 14. Lowest ranking 2330 Priority: Ensure basic legal rights and education for women Acceptance of womens social and economic empowerment Targeted womens enterprise development support Improve the overall business environment 23 Nigeria 29 24-25 Morocco 27 24-25 Ghana 27 26 India 26 27-28 Uganda 19 27-28 Egypt 19 29 Bangladesh 17 30 Pakistan 11 R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 15. Regional highlights Region Strengths Weaknesses Africa Female startup rate Female leadership Access to education Access to capital East Asia Access to capital Business environment Opportunity identification Startup skills South Asia Willingness to start Equal rights Access to education Europe Equal rights Good business environment Opportunity identification Access to networks Latin America &amp; Caribbean Female startup rate Market expanding startups High growth startups Access to childcare MENA New technology use by startups Equal rights Attitudes towards female executives R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 16. The United States, Peru and Ghana compared R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1) Opportunity Perception 2) Startup Skills 3) Willingness &amp; Risk 4) Networking 5) Cultural Support 6) Opportunity Start-up 7) Tech Sector 8) Quality of Human Resources 9) Competition 10) Gender Gaps 11) Product Innovation 12) Process Innovation 13) High Growth 14) Internationalization 15) External Financing United States # 1 Peru #14 Ghana #25 17. Conclusion: The tide is shifting Focus on the economic benefits of female entrepreneurship; Every country gains by removing impediments; Benchmarking motivates positive change. Some key issues need to be addressed: Filling data gaps; Female entrepreneurship and leadership; Changing mindsets. Future Steps R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID 18. Resources Contact: ruta@thegedi.org www.dell.com/women www.thegedi.org Linked in group: Gender-GEDI Twitter: @gendergedi R. Aidis Gender-GEDI 2014 - USAID </p>