Portfolio of Works that include the following: Report, Press Release, Web Article, Case Study, Newsletter & Brochure. The theme is about 3D Printing and the first Expo of its kind in Australia.
SUMMARY - This is an internal report
that will explain 3D printing and some of
the areas it is used in. It is a discussion
paper to understand how 3D printing can
be used to help promote small business
opportunities in Australias
manufacturing industry for regional and
remote Queensland. It will highlight
peoples understanding and perception
of this new technology and recommend
the best way to promote it for business
opportunities for the benefits to the
individuals, business and industries.
3D PRINTING AND OPPORTUNITIES
BY CHRISTOPHER SEETO JUNE 3, 2013
AUTHOR: CHRISTOPHER SEETO
TITLE: 3D PRINTING AND OPPORTUNITIES
COMMISSIONED BY: SMALL BUSINESS COMMUNITY PROJECT
DATE: JUNE 3, 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTSiii
SECTION 1: 3D PRINTING AND THE TYPES1
SECTION 2: AREAS OF IMPACT..2
SECTION 3: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION3
TABLE OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND GRAPHS4
3D printing is an emerging technology that has been in the news
lately. These broad stroke stories have been fuelling peoples
imagination, fascination and curiosity.
This is not a study but a discussion on a theme for people
interested in technology, science, manufacturing, food production
and healthcare and is a company internal report. This paper is
focused on 3D printing, industry impact and what it offers
For convenience, this paper has been organised in several sections
to enable the finding of information. The first section will explain
what 3D printing is and some of the types. Followed by three
areas it is impacting on. It then concludes with the effects on
business and recommendation about promoting business
SECTION 1: 3D PRINTING AND THE TYPES
It is also known as Additive manufacturing. It is a process where a digital model makes a three-
dimensional object (solid object). This is done through the additive process where successive layers
of material are laid down to build the object.
Figure 2 3D Printing Process (Additive Manufacturing) Cr: Christopher Seeto
I will discuss the three most common types of the five that are available:
1. Extrusion Thermoplastic material flows through an extrusion nozzle which heats and melts
the material and is controlled by the computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software that
helps to produce the required 3D object.
2. Granular The technique fuses parts of the materials in the granular bed layer and moves
around repeating the process until the object is built. This 3D printer uses thermoplastics,
metal powders and ceramic powders as the 3D printing material.
Figure 1 An ORDbot Quantum 3D printer Photo Cr: Wikipedia
3. Light-Polymerization Uses liquid polymer material which sits in a vat (well) and is exposed
to light to harden the liquid polymer. Small increment movements downward of a plate
combined with the light exposure enables the object to be built.
The other two types are Wire and Laminated.
SECTION 2: AREAS OF IMPACT
3D printing is moving in to the area of regenerative medicine and is now referred to as 3D bio-
It has been recorded in science and medical journals that this technology has enabled us to print
human embryonic stem cells, blood vessels, skin tissues, heart tissue, bone and cartilage (laboratory
Here are some of the lists of breakthroughs from the science and medical journals:
Human Embryonic Stem Cells University of Edinburgh
Blood Vessels and Heart Tissue University of Missouri
Skin Tissue Laser Center Hannover
Cartilage Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine
It is possible to manufacture tangible items from any idea.
Basically you can print out anything from cell phone cases,
shoes, jewellery, cups, flowerpots, tools, Research and
Development model parts, guns, figurines and even concrete
The power of manufacturing is now being transferred from
factories to anyone with a laptop.
Modern Meadows is the leading company in this field.
Andras Forgacs is the CEO of the company and comes from
the University of Missouri where he worked on the heart
tissue project for regenerative medicine.
In a recent Questions and Answer with Reddit members, he explained that the company would be
able to produce first wave of meat products such as minced meat like hamburger patties and
sausages as well as pates and the possibility of seafood.
Figure 3 A model (left) that was digitally acquired by using a 3D scanner, the scanned data processed using MeshLab, and the resulting 3D model used by a rapid prototyping machine to create the resin replica (right) Photo Cr: Wikipedia
SECTION 3: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS.3
In a survey undertaken by Create It Real, many of the respondents deemed that the 3D printers
main purpose is in creating prototypes, creativity and customisation. However, many of the
respondents though that 3D printers were still too expensive for the public to use. What was even
more interesting was the fact that the people who took part in the survey perceived that 3D printers
were a professional tool for producers and a Gadget.
In order for Australia to boost skills and the economy for the manufacturing industry, there needs to
be a way to demystify peoples perception of 3D printings expensiveness and as a professional tool.
In evaluating the survey results of peoples perception of 3D
printing I recommend that the best way to demystify and to
boost Australias manufacturing challenge is to organise a 3D
Printing Expo. This would provide a catalyst for small
business and entrepreneurs in remote and regional
The benefits of this 3D Printing Expo are:
Meeting Australias manufacturing challenge in the new economy
Increase peoples understanding of this new technology
Inform them of the areas where this technology is being used
Provide the opportunity for small business and entrepreneurs to turn ideas into products
Improve productivity and costs to existing businesses
Showcase that the new technology is now affordable to consumers E.g. kits costs $250
Use 3D printers through companies like Shapeways who allows people to design the product
and they will produce and ship the product for them
Highlights the power of manufacturing to the individual through the use of laptops
Highlight companies involved with the 3D Printing Industry in Australia
Figure 4 A crowded exhibition hall during CeBIT 2000. Photo Cr: Wikipedia
TABLE OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND GRAPHS 4
ORDBOT QUANTUM 3D PRINTER1
3D PRINTING PROCESS (FLOWCHART).1
MESHLAB 3D PRINTED MODEL2
CROWDED EXHIBITION HALL.3
Burg, Natalie. (2013) 3D Printing Could Be A Boon for Small Business. [Online] Forbes, May 6,
2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/capitalonespark/2013/05/06/3d-
Cuni, Bernat. 3D Printing creates opportunities for small businesses. [Online] Cunicode. Retrieved
May 25, 2013 from http://cunicode.com/small-bu3dprinting-creates-opportunities-for-small-
Day, Peter. (2013) 3D printing: A force for revolutionary change. [Online] BBC, May 21, 2013.
Retrieved May 25, 2013 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-22559022
Fab, General. (2013) 3D Printing Survey Results. [Online] Fabbaloo, Apr 13, 2013. Retrieved May
25, 2013 from http://fabbaloo.com/blog/2013/4/14/3d-printing-survey-results.html#.UarujkCnrUU
Forgacs, Andras. (2013) 3D Bio-Printed Meat is no Longer Science Fiction. [Online Lecture 14 min
2 sec] My Science Academy, Feb 12, 2013. Retrieved Feb 25, 2013 from
Hart, Brad (2012). Will 3D Printing Change The World? [Online Article] Forbes, Mar 6, 2012. .
Retrieved Feb 25, 2013 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/gcaptain/2012/03/06/will-3d-printing-
Lewis, Tanya (2013). 7 Cool Uses of 3D Printing in Medicine. [Online Presentation] Live Science,
Feb 4, 2013. . Retrieved Feb 25, 2013 from http://www.livescience.com/26853-3d-printing-
Simms, Craig (2012). Human organ 3D printing gets a helping hand from Autodesk. [Online
Article]. Cnet Australia, Dec 19, 2012. Retrieved Feb 25, 2013 from
Wikipedia 3D printing (2013). [Online] Retrieved Feb 25, 2013 from
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
The First Australian 3D Printing Exp