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Dickie Sant

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  • 1. Cold War Foreign Policy

2. The Cold War -"the Cold War is in fact a real war in which the survival of thefree world is at stake" -National Security Memorandum 68 - An arms race became necessary to avoid wars with theEast. The US and USSR each needed to accumulate the weaponry needed to retaliate if forcefully attacked a war of ideological differences between communism and capitalism 3. Containment I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or byoutside pressures.I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.-Harry S. Truman (Truman Doctrine) Trumans Doctrine setforth the precedent of American foreign policy over thenext couple decades. Indirectly, Truman accused the Soviets of being theoppressors and vowed to protect the freedom of minority (third world) countries. 4. John F. Kennedy Kennedy maintained the reputation as a Cold Warrior with objectives presented to maintain global advantages to the United States He ordered the naval and aerial quarantine on the Soviet shipment of offensive missiles being shipped to Cuba (as part of the Cuban Missile Crisis).Kennedys direct challenge to Soviet policy strengthened hisimage as the Cold Warrior. The Soviet retreat was a prelude totheir innate fear of American technology and power (similar to theUnited States fear of the Soviets). 5. WithinINCHESof nuclear holocaust OPERATION:MONGOOSE BAY OF PIGS ANADYR The Soviets placed missiles on theisland of their newly acquired communistCuban ally as a strategic defense move.The United States became uncomfortable with the proximity of these missiles toUS cities and demanded they be dismissedsent back to the Soviet Union. 6. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS This urgent transformation of Cuba into an important strategic base--by the presence of these large, long range, and clearly offensive weapons of sudden mass destruction--constitutes an explicit threat to the peace and security of all the Americas, JFK October 22, 1962 John F. Kennedy ordered a naval interception on Soviet ships transportingthese Missiles to Cuba resulting in a Soviet retreat and careful efforts on bothsides to avoid nuclear war. It was agreed that nuclear testing should bebanned by both The United States and the Soviet Union. 7. Capitalism vs. Communism The creation of communist countries represents a devastating blow tocapitalist economy (such as the United States). Communist countriesare anti-capitalist, free-market doesnt exist, and political and physicaloppression are abundant in communist countries.The spread of communism threatened Harry S. Trumans idea of self- determination. Russian control of Eastern Europe takes away the peoples rights to decide their own form of government. Communist Soviet Union was in a political race with the UnitedStates in the political persuasion of third world countries. Economicaid was provided to these countries, post World War II, in an attemptto gain trust and potential economic futures (as well as the topic ofregaining basic human rights). 8. Red Scare The fear of the Soviet Union spreading communism throughout centralAsia and western Europe brought with it the fear of American economicsuffering. The loss of capitalist nations meant the loss of economic prosper for the United States, and a lost sense of security for Americans. 9. Reality the Soviet Union has so powerful rockets to carry these nuclear warheads that there is no need to search for sites for them beyond the boundaries of the Soviet Union. [quoted by the Soviet government] That statement was false. JFK October 22, 1962 The technology and raw power of the Soviet Union was far less superior tothat of the United States. In reality, the economy and central government of the Soviet Union had depleted after World War II and it was only a matter oftime before the Soviet Empire broke apart.

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