2. Automobile History in briefThe design of the Cugnot Steam Trolley(1769) History of the automobile begins as early as 1769, with thecreation of steam-powered automobiles capable of humantransport In 1806.The first cars powered by internal combustion engines runningon fuel gas appeared, which led to the introduction in 1885 ofthe ubiquitous modern gasoline or petrol-fueled internalcombustion engine.
3. INDIA : An IntroductionIndiaUSA Population: 1,168,590,000 307,324,000 States: 2850(+ 7 Union Territories) (+14 dependent reaps) Geographical Area : 3.3 mn sq km9.6 mn sq kms GDP : 2.966 Trillion13.84 Trillion
4. Why IndiaThe economy of India is emerging. Thefollowing table show the ranking of Indiain the past four years.
6. AUTOMOBILE SECTOR The automotive sector is one of the keysegments of the economy havingextensive forward and backwardlinkages with other key segments of theeconomy. It contributes about 4 per cent in IndiasGross Domestic Product (GDP) and 5per cent in Indias industrial production. This sector has generated about 4.5 lakhof direct employment and about onecrore of indirect employment.
7. India holds huge potential in theautomobile sector including theautomobile component sector owing toits technological, cost and manpoweradvantage. India has a well developed, globallycompetitive Auto Ancillary Industry andestablished automobile testing andR&D centers. India enjoys natural advantage and isamong the lowest cost producers ofsteel in the world.
8. Landmark of Indian automobileindustry Person to own a car in India - Mr Foster of 1897 First M/s Crompton Greaves Company, Mumbai 1901 First Indian to own a car in India - Jamsetji Tata 1905 First Woman to drive a car in India - Mrs. Suzanne RDTata 1905 Fiat Motors 1911 First Taxi in India 1924 Formation of traffic police 1928 Chevrolet Motors 1942 Hindustan Motors 1944 Premier Automobiles Limited 1945 Tata Motors 1947 Mahindra & Mahindra Limited 1948 Ashok Motors 1948 Standard Motors 1974 Sipani Motors 1981 Maruti Suzuki
9. 1994 Rover Company 1994 Mercedes-Benz 1994 General Motors India - Opel brand launch 1995 Ford Motor Company 1995 Honda Siel Cars India 1995 REVA Electric Car Company 1995 Daewoo Motors 1996 Hyundai Motor Company 1997 Toyota Kirloskar Motors 1997 Fiat Motors (Re-Entry) 1998 San Motors 1998 Mitsubishi Motors 2001 koda Auto 2003 General Motors India - Chevrolet brand launch 2005 BMW 2007 Audi 2009 Land Rover and Jaguar
10. The automobile industry in India 9th largest automobile industry . 2nd largest two-wheeler market, 11th largest Passenger Carsproducers. 4th largest in Heavy Trucks. 2nd largest tractor manufacturer. annual production of over 2.3 millionunits. The monthly sales of passenger carsin India exceed 100,000 units.
11. Auto sector this year Despite economic slowdown that has affectedthe automobile industry, production andexports of the sector went up last fiscal, saidthe Economic Survey 2008-09, andunderlined that the industry employs over onecrore people. While the overall automobile production wentup by 3 per cent to reach 1.11-crore, exportsincreased by over 23 per cent to over 15-lakh. The domestic turnover of the sectorstood at Rs. 2.19-lakh crore, while exportstotalled at Rs. 31,782 crore, taking the totalsize of the industry to Rs. 2.50-lakh croreduring 2008-09.
12. Government support: The Industrial Policy of 1991 de-licensed theAutomobile Industry in India, but passenger carwas de-licensed in 1993. This took the Indian automobile production from5.3 Million Units in 2001-02 to 10.8 Million Unitsin 2007-08. The other reasons attracting globalauto manufacturers to India are the countryslarge middle class population, growing earningpower, strong technological capability andavailability of trained manpower at competitiveprices. These are the major findings of our newreport, Indian Automobile Sector - ABooming Market.
13. Government support: Con.. Now, no license is required for setting up of anyunit for manufacture of Automobiles except insome special cases. Further, 100 per centForeign Direct Investment (FDI) is permissible. This liberalization has helped this sector torestructure itself, absorb newer technologies, andkeep pace with the global developments realizingits full potential. Removal of Quantitative Restrictions (QRs) fromApril 1, 2001 has allowed the import of vehicle,including passenger car segment freely subjectto certain conditions notified by DGFT
14. Government support:Con.. To protect India from becoming a dumpingground for old and used vehicles producedabroad, the custom duty on the import of secondhand vehicles including passenger cars has beenraised to 105 per cent. The custom duty rate on new Completely BuiltUnits (CBUs) has also been increased to a levelof 60 per cent to allow Indian countries to a fullycompetitive environment. In the Union Budget 2007-08, import duty on rawmaterial had been reduced to 57.5 per cent fromthe earlier 10 per cent.
16. Production trend: Installed capacity of this sector has beengrowing at a compound annual rate of over 16per cent since 2001-02. Automobile industrygrew by 14.83 per cent in April 2006-Feburary2007.Cumulative growth of some importantsegments in April 2006-December 2007 wasPassenger Vehicles: 22.91%Passenger cars: 24.76%Utility Vehicles: 12.69%Multi Purpose Vehicle: 28.38%Commercial Vehicle: 36.12%Medium and heavy Commercial Vehicle:36.74%Light Commercial Vehicle : 35.25%
17. TWO WHEELER SCOOTERS -MOTORCYCLE SCOOTERETTES
18. Indian 2-Wheeler MarketMotorcycle 50% 30% 13% 4%1% 2%