All Creatures in Catastrophe

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    11-May-2015

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Presented to veterinary students attending the 2012 Special Species Symposium at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, this talk provides an overview of federal emergency response efforts specific to animals.

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  • 1.Once upon a time there was a hurricane named Katrina... People refused to leave their pets 600,000 pets either died or abandoned Coastal zoos and aquariums damaged and collections lost

2. Evacuation in a Hurricane Would not evacuate 2007 Would not evacuate 2006*31% 23%Top reasons for not evacuating (among those who said they would/might stay in the area) 75%Home is well-built/will be safe at home56%Think roads will be too crowded36%Think evacuating would be dangerous33%Worried possessions would be stolen/damaged Would not want to leave pet0%27% 20%40%60%Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, June 18-July 10, 2007. *Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, July 5-11, 2006.80% 3. Evacuation in a Hurricane Would not evacuate 2007 Would not evacuate 2006*31% 23%Top reasons for not evacuating (among those who said they would/might stay in the area) 75%Home is well-built/will be safe at home56%Think roads will be too crowded36%Think evacuating would be dangerous33%Worried possessions would be stolen/damaged Would not want to leave pet0%27% 20%40%60%Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, June 18-July 10, 2007. *Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security, July 5-11, 2006.80% 4. The Human Animal Bond: Survey Says...APMA, AVMA, AHA 5. The Human Animal Bond: Survey Says...46.9% Pet is FAMILYAPMA, AVMA, AHA 6. The Human Animal Bond: Survey Says...46.9% Pet is FAMILY 47% wont leave their pets APMA, AVMA, AHA 7. Pre-Katrina recommendation: Leave pets with three days of food and water. 8. Pre-Katrina recommendation: Leave pets with three days of food and water. 9. Snowball, Katrina, and the PETS ActThe dog was taken away from this little boy, and to watch his face was a singularly revealing and tragic experience. This legislation was born at that moment. -- Rep Tom Lantos (D-CA) 10. The PETS Act Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards ActSupport states Disaster preparedness Evacuation Shelter plans 11. The PETS Act Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards ActSupport states s na pets um ld H preparednesss o imal Disaster h n e a usEvacuation o ice H Shelter plans v r e S 12. All Creatures in Catastrophe How Your Tax Dollars Go Towards Rescue and Shelter of Wild and Captive Animals During an EmergencyJeleen Briscoe, VMD, DABVP (Avian) USDA APHIS Animal Care Program Jereme Altendorf, CHHM US Coast Guard National Strike Force 13. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an IssuePoliticiansPublicity Exposure and who is involvedPublic MediaFringePhaseInterest Scientists Groups AcademiaEmergence Best opportunity to Save ResourcesTimeTrigger EventAnticipatoryCrisis/Public PositioningResolutionCrisis TimeCourtesy of Don ButlerSource: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble 14. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an IssuePoliticiansPublicity Exposure and who is involvedPublic MediaFringePhaseInterest Scientists Groups AcademiaEmergence Best opportunity to Save ResourcesTimeTrigger EventAnticipatoryCrisis/Public PositioningResolutionCrisis TimeCourtesy of Don ButlerSource: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble 15. October 19, 2011 16. October 22, 2011No person shall by any means acquire a dangerous exotic animal Dangerous exotic animal means...large cat, nonhuman primate, constricting snake, venomous snake, any other animal designated by chief in rules 17. The PETS Act Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards ActSupport states s na pets um ld H preparednesss o imal Disaster h n e a usEvacuation o ice H Shelter plans v r e S 18. Household Pet A domesticated pet, such as a dog, cat, bird, rabbit, rodent, or turtle that is traditionally kept in the home for pleasure rather than for commercial purposes and can travel in commercial carriers and be housed in temporary facilities. Household pets do not include reptiles (with the exception of turtles), amphibians, sh, insects/arachnids, farm animals (including horses), and animals kept for racing purposes. 19. State & Local Response Veterinary Emergency Managers Personnel overwhelmed Resources dwindle Prolonged responseHELP! Other States Emergency Management Assistance CompactFederal Government Presidential Declaration (Stafford Act)Federal Emergency Management Association 20. National Response Framework Nations approach to all-hazards response Key response principles Roles Organizational structure 21. National Response FrameworkNational Incident Management System 22. National Incident Management System Incident Command System Unified Command Participants May Include:Local Ofcial(s) State Ofcial(s) Federal Ofcial(s) Responsible Party Representative(s)InformationSafetyLiaisonOperationsPlanningLogisticsFinance and Administration 23. National Response Framework ESF #5 Emergency ManagementBase PlanESF #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials ResponseESF #4 - FireghtingESF # 9 Search and Rescue ESF #3 Public Works and Engineering ESF #2 Telecommunications ESF #1 - TransportationEmergency Support Function AnnexesESF #8 Public Health & Medical Services ESF #7 Logistics Management & Resource Support ESF #6 Mass Care, Housing & Human ServicesESF #15 External Affairs ESF #14 Long-Term Community Recovery ESF #13 Public Safety and Security ESF #12 - EnergyESF #11 Agriculture and Natural ResourcesEmergency Support Functions Cyber IncidentFood and Agriculture IncidentPublic AffairsTribal RelationsBiological IncidentPrivate-Sector Coordination Financial Management Worker Safety and HealthSupport AnnexesTerrorism Incident Law Enforcement and InvestigationVolunteer and Donations Management International CoordinationNuclear/Radiological Incident Catastrophic IncidentCritical Infrastructure and Key ResourcesIncident AnnexesFederal Response Private-Sector and Nongovernmental State Response Local Government ResponsePartner Guides 24. Emergency Support Functions ESF#6: Mass care and emergency services including pets ESF#8:Veterinary medical support ESF#11: Safety and well-being of pets, ensuring a coordinated Federal response 25. PETS Act and USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Animal Care Emergency ProgramsTwo regional teams of veterinary personnel that will: Assist States with planning and preparedness Staff ESF #11 position at Unied Incident Command Post, and/or State desks 26. USDA-APHIS Organization Secretary of AgricultureMarketing and Regulatory ProgramsAgricultural Marketing ServiceAnimal and Plant Health Inspection ServiceGrain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards AdministrationBiotechnology Regulatory ServicesInternational ServicesPlant Protection and QuarantineVeterinary ServicesWildlife ServicesAnimal Care 27. What Animal Care is NOT 28. What Animal Care is NOT 29. What Animal Care is NOT 30. What Animal Care is NOT 31. What Animal Care is NOT 32. Animal Care MissionAnimal Welfare Act Horse Protection Act Pets Mission Emergency Response 33. Animal Welfare Act Federal law Minimum standards Care and treatment Covered animals 34. Horse Protection Act Prohibits owners and trainers from showing, exhibiting, or selling sored horses. Prohibits drivers from transporting sored horses to compete in shows 35. Emergency Response for Pets 36. What are the four phases of emergency management? 37. Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation 38. Brooke Buddemeier, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LA County Public Health Conference 2010 39. Brooke Buddemeier, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LA County Public Health Conference 2010 40. On average: 0.67 pets per person in the typical U.S. community 41. 25,000 people 16,750 pets 42. 25,000 people 16,750 pets145,000 people 97,150 pets 43. 25,000 people 16,750 pets145,000 people 97,150 pets 850,000 people 569,500 pets 44. 25,000 people 16,750 pets145,000 people 97,150 pets 300,000 people 201,000 pets850,000 people 569,500 pets 45. The FutureThe Past 46. APHIS Animal Care and Preparedness Federal partnerships National Alliance of State Animal and Agricultural Emergency Programs Collaboration (NASAAEP): Best Practices Working Groups National Animal Rescue and Shelter Coalition Association of Zoos and Aquariums Contingency Plan Docket PETS Multi-Agency Coordination 47. Federal Partnerships Federal Animal Emergency Working Group FEMA Statutory authority (Stafford Act) Resources USDA / APHIS / Animal Care Federal governments subject matter experts on animal welfare Staff of veterinarians and VHTs Program Response Team Department of Interior (USFWS) HHS Veterinary Resources (NVRT, VMRC) 48. AWA Contingency Plans: Four Criteria WHEN? Identify situations that would trigger a contingency plan WHAT? Outline specic tasks required in emergencies WHO? Identify a chain of command HOW? Address response and recover in terms of materials, resources and training 49. NASAAEP BPWG Collaboration National Alliance of State Animal and Agriculture Emergency Programs Best Practice Working GroupsAnimal Search & Rescue Evacuation & Transportation Emergency Animal Sheltering Disaster Veterinary Care Animal Decontamination Planning & Resource Management Preparedness & Community Outreach Training 50. AI and Public Health 51. 41 52. USDA Zoo Animal Health Network AI Surveillance Project Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago --> UMN Cleveland Metroparks Zoo --> Cornell Sacramento Zoo --> UC Davis 53. ZBPWG Contingency Guide Roadmap State vs federal emergency response Involve local stakeholders Risk assessment Flexible and scalable Cross training and role denition http://www.zooanimalhealthnetwork.org/ZooBest.aspx 54. National Animal Rescue and Shelter Coalition American Humane Association ASPCA Best Friends Animal Society Code 3 Associations International Fund for Animal Welfare National Animal Control Association RedRover (UAN) Associate: AVMA Afliates: Society of Animal Welfare Administrators, American Red Cross, NASAAEP, PetFinder.com Foundation, American Veterinary Medical Foundation 55. Pets Multi-Agency Coordination UnitAPHIS Emergency Operations Center 56. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an IssuePoliticiansPublicity Exposure and who is involvedPublic MediaFringePhaseInterest Scientists Groups AcademiaEmergence Best opportunity to Save ResourcesTimeTrigger EventAnticipatoryCrisis/Public PositioningResolutionCrisis TimeCourtesy of Don ButlerSource: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble 57. The Paradigm Shift The General Life Cycle of an IssuePoliticiansPublicity Exposure and who is involvedPublic MediaFringePhaseInterest Scientists Groups AcademiaEmergence Best opportunity to Save ResourcesTimeTrigger EventAnticipatoryCrisis/Public PositioningResolutionCrisis TimeCourtesy of Don ButlerSource: Corporate Environmental Strategy, Autumn, 1997, Deborah Anderson, Procter & Gamble 58. National Response FrameworkNational Response system 59. National Response FrameworkEmergency Support Functions Presidential Declaration required THE GOVERNMENT PAYSNational Response systemClean Water Act Superfund No Presidential Declaration required THE COMPANY PAYS 60. The National Response System Local, regional, and national Oil and hazardous materials emergencies 61. The National Response System 62. National Response Framework ESF #5 Emergency ManagementBase PlanESF #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials ResponseESF #4 - FireghtingESF # 9 Search and Rescue ESF #3 Public Works and Engineering ESF #2 Telecommunications ESF #1 - TransportationEmergency Support Function AnnexesESF #8 Public Health & Medical Services ESF #7 Logistics Management & Resource Support ESF #6 Mass Care, Housing & Human ServicesESF #15 External Affairs ESF #14 Long-Term Community Recovery ESF #13 Public Safety and Security ESF #12 - EnergyESF #11 Agriculture and Natural ResourcesEmergency Support Functions Cyber IncidentFood and Agriculture IncidentPublic AffairsTribal RelationsBiological IncidentPrivate-Sector Coordination Financial Management Worker Safety and HealthSupport AnnexesTerrorism Incident Law Enforcement and InvestigationVolunteer and Donations Management International CoordinationNuclear/Radiological Incident Catastrophic IncidentCritical Infrastructure and Key ResourcesIncident AnnexesFederal Response Private-Sector and Nongovernmental State Response Local Government ResponsePartner Guides 63. National Response Framework Notication and DecisionsNatural Resource Trustees 64. Natural Resource TrusteesRestore natural resources and services Scientic natural resource damage assessments Engage responsible parties: regulation, settlement, or litigation 65. Natural Resource TrusteesRestore natural resources and services Scientic natural resource damage assessments Engage responsible parties: regulation, settlement, or litigation 66. UC Davis Wildlife Health CenterReadiness Response Research Reaching Out www.owcn.org 67. Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research Rehabilitation of injured, orphaned, and oiled native wild birds Goal: healthy birds to their natural environment Compassionate care, humane research, and education www.tristatebird.org 68. Conclusion All emergencies start locally Federal emergency disaster response: FEMA Federal hazardous & oil emergencies: EPA and USCG Partnerships and mutual understanding Pets mission & protection of natural resources 69. Conclusion All emergencies start locallye g a USCG l and il Federal hazardous & oil emergencies: EPA v a understanding s mutual Partnerships and e k a t & protection of natural resources t IPets mission Federal emergency disaster response: FEMA 70. Conclusion All emergencies start locallye g a USCG l and il ns Federal hazardous & oil emergencies: EPA v ria a ina s mutual understanding Partnerships and e eter k DV a AN t & protection of natural resources t IPets mission Federal emergency disaster response: FEMA