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Google Self Driving Vehicle By: Cesar Arreola

Self driving vehicle

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Page 1: Self driving vehicle

Google Self Driving Vehicle

By: Cesar Arreola

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Google makes cars now?

•They want to use technology to make people’s lives easier and better.

•Advanced computer science can make driving safe and more enjoyable.

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Types of vehicle used

Toyota Prius Lexus RS450H

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Types of vehicle used cont.

•Vehicles are still required to have a passenger in front of the driver seat in case something goes wrong.

•Tested in areas around California and Nevada.

•Total amount of miles logged in was more than 700,000 miles.

•Tested on public roads, highways, in traffic, and roads with human intervention.

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Technology used in the vehicles

•Equipment used on the vehicles is costly, upwards of around $150,000 on each vehicle

LIDARCamerasRadarsSonarGPS SatellitesSoftware

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LIDAR•LIDAR (laser illuminating detection and ranging system): used to build a 3D map that allows the car to see objects or potential hazards

•Bounces a leaser beam off of surfaces surrounding the car-Uses a very accurate velodyne 64 beam laser

-Can take up to 1.3 million readings per second

•Can determine the distance of an object

•Roof mounted

•Range up to 100 meters

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•Mounted in pairs on the exterior of the vehicle’s

•Allows the system to track an objects distance in real time

•Overlapping View

•50 degree field of view but only accurate to about a 30 degree field of view

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•Monitors the speed of other vehicles in real time.

•Uses 4 radars

•Mounted on front and rear bumpers

•Used to avoid impact

•Used for long range of view

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•Used along with the radar

•Used for narrow range of view

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GPS Satellites and Software

•Used to determine the location of the vehicle

•Wheel encoder used to determines the vehicles actual speed

•Software incorporates all data from the sensing system

•Maps are very detailed

•Everything processed in real time

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Google Prototype Vehicle

•Prototype unveiled in May 2014 and announced December 2014

•Created from scratch by Google

•No pedals or steering wheel

•Electric Vehicle

•Can carry 2 passengers

•Start and stop buttons for passengers onboard

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Google Prototype Vehicle cont.

•Being built by Roush Industries in Livonia, Michigan



•Continental Automotive Group

•RCO Engineering


•ZF Lenksysteme


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Google Prototype Vehicle cont. •Bosch

-Electric motor: E-Machine-LIDAR around $70,000

•Continental Automotive Group-Brakes, interior electronics and body controllers

•RCO Engineering-Seats

•FRIMO-Plastic components for interior and exterior

•ZF Lenksysteme-Steering gear


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•If the vehicle goes into production they are going to need to constantly update the maps of the entire nation’s millions of miles of roads.

Regulations•California DMV’s number one concern with self driving vehicles is safety

•Google was issued a permit by the California DMV to be able to test their vehicles on public roads

•Currently no federal standards on self driving vehicles

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Advantages Disadvantages

•Eliminate risk of human error

•Safer then a conventional vehicle

•Disabilities would no longer be a factor

•Reduce number of car related deaths

•Malfunction in the vehicle’s electronic system

•Price of the vehicle

•Impact on economy

•Impact on automobile manufacturers

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Anthony, S. (2014, May 28). Google’s new self-driving car: Electric, no steering wheel, and incredibly cute. Retrieved from Extreme Techhttp://www.extremetech.com/extreme/183174-googles-new-self-driving-car-electric-no-steering-wheel-and-incredibly-cute

Anthony, S. (2014, April 29). Google’s self-driving car passes 700,000 accident-free miles, can now avoid cyclists, stop at railroad crossings. Retrieved from Extreme Tech: http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/181508-googles-self-driving-car-passes-700000-accident-free-miles-can-now-avoid-cyclists-stop-for-trains

Barr, A. (2015, March 18). Google’s Self-Driving Cars Hit Regulatory Traffic. Retrieved from Wall Street Journal: http://www.wsj.com/articles/googles-self-driving-cars-hit-regulatory-traffic-1426717776

Clark, B. (2015, February 21). How Self-Driving Cars Work: The Nuts and Bolts Behind Google’s Autonomous Car Program. Retrieved from Make Use Of: http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/how-self-driving-cars-work-the-nuts-and-bolts-behind-googles-autonomous-car-program/

Davies, A. (2014, October 24). Audi’s Self-Driving Car Hits 150 MPH on an F1 Track. Retrieved from Wired: http://www.wired.com/2014/10/audis-self-driving-car-hits-150-mph-f1-track/

Davies, A. (2014, December 24). Google’s Self-Driving Car Hits Roads Next Month—Without a Wheel or Pedals. Retrieved from Wired: http://www.wired.com/2014/12/google-self-driving-car-prototype-2/

Gibbs, S. (2014, May 29). Google's self-driving car: How does it work and when can we drive one? Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/may/28/google-self-driving-car-how-does-it-work

Gomes, L. (2014, August 28). Hidden Obstacles for Google’s Self-Driving Cars. Retrieved from Forbes: http://www.technologyreview.com/news/530276/hidden-obstacles-for-googles-self-driving-cars/

Google Sites. (n.d.). Autonomous Systems. Retrieved from Google: https://sites.google.com/site/autonomoussystemsmw/autonomous-cars/advantages-and-disadvantages

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References cont.Green Tech. (2012, September 25). Self-Driving Cars Will Take Over By 2040. Retrieved from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites/eco-


Harris, M. (2015, January 19). Google's Self-Driving Car Pals Revealed. Retrieved from ieee Spectrum: http://spectrum.ieee.org/cars-that-think/transportation/self-driving/googles-selfdriving-car-pals-revealed

Hsu, J. (2014, December 30). Google's Self-Driving Car Prototype Ready to Hit the Road. Retrieved from Spectrum: http://spectrum.ieee.org/cars-that-think/transportation/self-driving/googles-selfdriving-car-prototype-ready-to-hit-the-road

Kelly, H. (2014, December 22). Google's fully functional driverless car is adorable. Retrieved from CNN: http://www.cnn.com/2014/12/22/tech/innovation/google-driverless-car-prototype/

Lawler, R. (2015, January 14). Google has some new friends working on its self-driving car. Retrieved from Engadget: http://www.engadget.com/2015/01/14/google-chris-urmson-self-driving-car/

Lee, N. (2015, March 25). Riding in Mercedes' luxurious, self-driving car of the future. Retrieved from Engadget: http://www.engadget.com/2015/03/25/mercedes-f015-luxury-self-driving-car/

Lliaifar, A. (2012, August 13). Google adds Lexus RX450h to ongoing self-driving car project. Retrieved from Digital Trends: http://www.digitaltrends.com/cars/google-adds-lexus-rx450h-to-ongoing-self-driving-car-project/

Masunaga, S. (2014, December 26). DMV delays rules for driverless cars as it seeks more input on safety. Retrieved from Latimes: http://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-driverless-cars-20141226-story.html

Walsh, D. (2015, January 20). Google's self-driving car underpinned by Detroit area suppliers. Retrieved from Autonews: http://www.autonews.com/article/20150120/OEM01/150129983/googles-self-driving-car-underpinned-by-detroit-area-suppliers

Whitham, R. (2014, September 8). How Google’s self-driving cars detect and avoid obstacles. Retrieved from Extreme Tech: http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/189486-how-googles-self-driving-cars-detect-and-avoid-obstacles