Digital photojournalism

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  1. 1. REGIDOR G. GABOYCLSU - Center for Educational Resources Development and Services (CERDS)
  2. 2. Photography Photography is a means of recording foreverthe things one sees for a moment. It is betterthan memory because it does more than justrecall things to the mind. It enables us toshow what we have done, where we havebeen, what we have seen and even what wehave thought
  3. 3. How does a camera work?
  4. 4. Know your camera! What is your camera? What is the capability of your camera?
  5. 5. Basic Terms: Speed andSensitivity ASAAmerican Standard Association ISO-International Standard (fromInternational Organizational Standard) DIN-German Institute for Standardization GOST (Russian: ) is an arithmeticscale which was used in the former SovietUnion before 1987
  6. 6. Automatic Settings Portrait - Set your digital camera toportrait mode when you are takingphotographs of people. Portraitmode will set the image color forskin tone perfectly. Landscape - Set your camera to thismode when you are taking photos oflandscapes. For example if you arephotographing beach or mountainsceneries. Close Up - Close up mode speaksfor itself. For example, when youwant to photograph small objects sothey fill the whole frame as if toappear larger.
  7. 7. Sports - Sports mode should beused when you want tophotograph a moving objectsuch as a child or dog running. Night Portrait - Choose nightportrait automatic mode whenyou want to shoot a person inlow light such as night time. Flash Off - This mode is usefulfor times when you are notallowed to use a flash. Forexample, in an art gallery.
  8. 8. Full-AutomaticWhen your camera is on automatic, all important settings such as ISO, Aperture and exposure are made for you, taking out the guess work.When your camera is set on automatic, its also recommended that your lens is set on automatic focus. That is if it has that option. If your lens has an option for automatic focus you will notice on the side of it letters AF.
  9. 9. Settings and options The letters AV (for Canon cameras) or A (for Nikon cameras)on your mode dial sets your digital SLR camera to aperturepriority. Your camera then changes all other settings such asshutter speed automatically to suit. Remember: Opening your lens more refers to lowering the f number. Closing your lens more refers to a higher f number.
  10. 10. A-DEP stands for automatic depth of field,or auto depth of field. Meaning, the camerasets the depth of field automatically. When the camera is set on A-DEP, thephotographer doesnt need to set an apertureF number as the camera does this for them.
  11. 11. Manual settings allow you to choose yourown settings depending on your choice.
  12. 12. Camera: Canon EOS 400D /Rebel XTiLens: Canon EF-S17-85mmf/4-5.6 IS USMExposure: 0.2 sec (1/5)Aperture: f/22Focal Length: 85 mmISO Speed: 100Exposure Program: ManualFlash: Flash did not firehttp://www.slrphotographyguide.comWhy this shot worked (According to the photographer) For this beach landscape, I wanted the whole scene from the sand in theforeground, to the island and boat in the background to be fully in focus. I also intendedfor the ocean waves to have a slow motion dreamy look and feel to them. For this to be achieved, the camera needed to be set on a high aperture f/22,and a relatively slow shutter speed of 1/5th of a second. If I had set the camera toaperture priority, then the shutter speed would have been automatically created for me,or conversely if Id set shutter priority, the camera would have automatically set theaperture to suit. Therefore, setting the camera on manual mode, allowed me to fully chooseboth the aperture and the shutter speed. -
  13. 13. Bluish shot: a photo defect The blueish tinge is normally a result of usingan incorrect white balance.
  14. 14. White Balance
  15. 15. When to use white balance? Daylight (Canon) and Direct Sunlight (Nikon):This is a good setting for direct sunlight. Forexample, a beach landscape mid morning whereyoure not shooting into shade. When to use Shade white balance: Use shadewhite balance in shady areas or sunset shots. Itwill help give a warmer color to your shots. When to use Cloudy: This is a good setting forcloudy days. Its also quite effective for shadyareas as well.
  16. 16. When to use Tungsten white balance: Thisis one of the most extreme balance settingsof them all and should only be used withtungsten light bulbs. Or at times where youpurposefully want a blue tinge to yourimages. When to use fluorescent: This setting willhelp make inside fluorescent house lighting,look a bit better than the yellowy orange coloryou usually see. Flash white balance: Flash white balance isused mostly for studio work.
  17. 17. Histogram A histogram is a barchart that shows youwhether a photographsexposure is good orbad. You can view thehistogram on yourcameras LCD screenafter you have takenthe shot
  18. 18. How does it work?As you can seeby the imagebelow, it wasunderexposed(too dark). Thereis very little detailseen in the trees,footpath and twopeople on the left.
  19. 19. Notice thistime, the highpeaks are onthe right handside of thegraph.
  20. 20. REMEMBER!What you should be aiming for,is a histogram that displays themajority of peaks within the center of the graph!
  21. 21. Exceptions There are times when its perfectly acceptable for the graph todisplay high peaks at either end of the histogram. For instance, if there is naturally a lot of white within thescenery (snow shots), then you would see high peaks on theright side of the histogram, even when the photo is perfectlyexposed. On the other hand, if there is a lot of black within the sceneryor object you are photographing, then the high peaks wouldnaturally occur on the left hand side of the graph. Furthermore, if there is a good mixture of black and whitewithin the scenery, you may find high peaks at both ends ofthe histogram.
  22. 22. Color on PrintingCMYKRGB
  23. 23. The image onThe image onleft is separated right iswith maximumseparated forprinting withblack, to process cyan,minimize inkmagenta, anduse.yellow inks.
  24. 24. The triangle of camera operationAPPERTURE SHUTTERISO
  25. 25. Techniques Framing Timing Perspective Angle Panning
  26. 26. Rule of ThirdsThe rule of thirds is a compositional ruleof thumb in visual arts such as painting,photography and design.The rule states that an image should beimagined as divided into nine equal partsby two equally-spaced horizontal lines andtwo equally-spaced vertical lines, and thatimportant compositional elements shouldbe placed along these lines or theirintersections.Proponents of the technique claim thataligning a subject with these pointscreates more tension, energy and interestin the composition than simply centeringthe subject would.
  27. 27. We use photo because it catches the readers attention it serves as the lead of the news story it emphasizes a certain point
  28. 28. What is Photojournalism? Photojournalism is a branch of the fieldof journalism characterized by the use ofimages to tell a story. The images in aphotojournalism piece may beaccompanied with explanatory text, orshown independently, with the imagesthemselves narrating the events theydepict.
  29. 29. Qualities of a Photojournalism Material Timeliness the images have meaning in thecontext of a recently published record of events. Objectivity the situation implied by theimages is a fair and accurate representation ofthe events they depict in both content and tone. Narrative the images combine with othernews elements to make facts relatable to theviewer or reader on a cultural level.
  30. 30. Qualities of a Good Photo News Value Focus Depth Atmosphere Clarity Color tone Texture
  31. 31. Captions Captions are text materials thataccompany photographs. They may beas short as three to four words, or aslong as several paragraphs.