What does this garden tell us?
Is there evidencehere of human intervention?
What do we SEE?Inhibition?
Similarities with what earlierperiods?What do we see?
TRUE OR FALSE?
Man dominated society.The significance of reality.Corporeality.Nature dominated society.Appearance of reality.Symbolism.Idealized.Human expression.Inhibition. Man as the measure of all. Law of frontality. Classic contrapposto pose. Literal interpretation. Abstraction.What do we see?TRUE OR FALSE?
Man dominated society.The significance of reality.Corporeality.Nature dominated society.Appearance of reality.Symbolism.Idealized.Human expression.Inhibition. Man as the measure of all. Law of frontality. Classic contrapposto pose. Literal interpretation. Abstraction.
Which is more interior oriented?
Parthenon: Greek ClassicPantheon: Roman What are the clues?
An engineering marvel?
Roman SculptureWhat periods ofGreek art influenced these Roman portraits?
Visual illusions of a 3D world on a 2D surface.
Mythology brought to lifethrough life-likefigures in a 3Dsetting.
Depicting the world as it is or as we would like it to be?Classic or Hellenistic origin?
Compare these portraitsLiteral and true to life?
First Christian emperor?
Perceived spirituality through the luminous mosaics reflective color.
St. Apollinare: Early Christian St. Vitale: Byzantine
Eastern &Western Roman Empire: Ravenna, ItalyContrasting expressions of the Christian Faith
EARLY CHRISTIAN: A Longitudinal PlanAn adaptation of the Roman BasilicaNave (Ship of God) & side aisles.St. Apollinare: Interior
St. Vitale: Byzantine InteriorCentral Plan
Dome & Pendentive
Byzantine ArchitectureDome & Pendentive
Justinian Mural:How does the artistdepict the Emperor?Hint: Concern with hisphysical appearance?
What visual elements support this statement?
With what earlier perioddo we find similar worldviews? What is the worldview of Byzantine art?
Why a solid gold back-ground?
Why do they all look alike?
GOD replacesMAN as themeasure ofall things.
Hagia Sophia: Istanbul/ConstantinopleByzantine ArchitectureInterior motivated
Dome & Pendentive
Art reflects BELIEFS GIVENS&MAN, the measure of all thingsGOD, the creator of all things
Man dominates his natural surroundings.
Externally motivated architecture.God dominates both Man & nature.
Internally motivated architecture.
A feudal society
What do these structures tell us about Medieval Man?
Conques Cathedral, FranceHeavy
Wheel of fortuneMedieval devotion in fear of THE FINAL JUDGMENT
THE LAST JUDGMENT
Interior motivated spacemade possible with thebarrel vault composed of a series of Roman arches.
Limited window area.
Heavy, massive & protective
Gothic ArchitectureAn encyclopedia of Christian belief
The light of God in an Age of Faith
GothicFrom JUDGE to
A changing relationship between Man and his spiritual and secular beliefs.
A belief that all is the work of God
A spiritual environmentin which the light of Godand architectural magicbring new meaning to oursense of space.
Spiritual & Secular
Soaring heaven boundA balancing act ofopposing forces. Theflying buttress pressesin against walls whichpush outward.
A lace-like exterior designed to makethe interior experiencepossible.
Which came first, the architectureinnovations or the Age Of Faith whichsought a tangible expression?Distributing great weight through innovative engineeringPointed arch.Cross-ribbed vaultingFlying buttressGothic Innovations
From feudal society to sovereign nationART INVOKESA RELATIONSHIP
Anticipating the Renaissance